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Vol. 90, No. 1, 2012
Issue release date: February 2012
Section title: Clinical Study
Stereotact Funct Neurosurg 2012;90:30–36
(DOI:10.1159/000333839)

Effects of Relative Low-Frequency Bilateral Globus Pallidus Internus Stimulation for Treatment of Cervical Dystonia

Kim J.P. · Chang W.S. · Park Y.S. · Chang J.W.
Department of Neurosurgery, Severance Hospital, Brain Korea 21 Project for Medical Science, Brain Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Clinical Study

Received: 4/25/2011 9:55:47 PM
Accepted: 9/28/2011
Published online: 1/6/2012

Number of Print Pages: 7
Number of Figures: 3
Number of Tables: 4

ISSN: 1011-6125 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0372 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/SFN

Abstract

Objective: To assess the effect of relative lower amplitude and frequency for globus pallidus internus (GPi) deep brain stimulation (DBS) of cervical dystonia (CD). Materials and Methods: Between February 2005 and October 2008, 14 patients diagnosed with CD underwent bilateral GPi DBS and all the patients received low-frequency stimulation and were followed for more than 2 years. We activated the implantable pulse generator 3–4 days postoperatively and initial amplitude, pulse width, and frequency were set at 1.5 V, 120 µs, and 70 Hz. The Toronto Western Spasmodic Torticolis Rating Scale (TWSTRS) was applied preoperatively and at 1, 6, 12 and 24 months postoperatively. Results: The overall TWSTRS scores improved 71.2% 2 years postoperatively (p = 0.001). The mean improvement was 78.4% in severity subscores, 68.4% in disability, and 66.8% in pain scores for the 2-year follow-up period. The TWSTRS scores were significantly reduced (p < 0.05), suggesting that the most significant improvement of the TWSTRS scores occurred within 1 month. The final amplitude was 2.9/2.7 V with the pulse width of 147.9/147.9 µs and the frequency of 101.1/100 Hz. Conclusion: According to our results, the initial settings of low amplitude and especially relatively low frequency are safe and effective for treatment of CD.


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Clinical Study

Received: 4/25/2011 9:55:47 PM
Accepted: 9/28/2011
Published online: 1/6/2012

Number of Print Pages: 7
Number of Figures: 3
Number of Tables: 4

ISSN: 1011-6125 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0372 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/SFN


Copyright / Drug Dosage

Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

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