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Subculture Affiliation Is Associated with Substance Use of Adolescents

Bobakova D.a, b · Madarasova Geckova A.a, b · Reijneveld S.A.c · van Dijk J.P.a, c
aGraduate School Kosice Institute for Society and Health and bInstitute of Public Health, Department of Health Psychology, Medical Faculty, P.J. Safarik University, Kosice, Slovak Republic; cDepartment of Social Medicine, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands Eur Addict Res 2012;18:91–96 (DOI:10.1159/000334614)


Youth subcultures (hip-hop, punk, skinhead, techno scene, metal) are known for specific lifestyles, music preferences, shared values and behaviours of their members. The aim of this study was to assess the association between subculture affiliation and substance use (tobacco, alcohol and cannabis), and whether gender, family affluence and substance use by peers explain this association. Subculture affiliation was significantly associated with substance use (OR/95% CI: smoking 3.13/2.30–4.24; drinking 2.58/1.95–3.41; drunkenness 2.02/1.54–2.66; cannabis use 2.42/1.46–4.00). Only a part of this risk runs via gender, family affluence and peer substance use. Health promotion should be targeted in particular at adolescents with a subculture affiliation as they are at higher risk of substance use.


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