Despite recent improvements in detection and treatment, prostate cancer continues to be the most common malignancy and the second leading cause of cancer-related mortality. Thus, although survival rate continues to improve, prostate cancer remains a compelling medical health problem. The major goal of prostate cancer imaging in the next decade will be more accurate disease characterization through the synthesis of anatomic, functional, and molecular imaging information in order to plan the most appropriate therapeutic strategy. No consensus exists regarding the use of imaging for evaluating primary prostate cancer. However, conventional and functional imaging are expanding their role in detection and local staging and, moreover, functional imaging is becoming of great importance in oncologic management and monitoring of therapy response. This review presents a multidisciplinary perspective on the role of conventional and functional imaging methods in prostate cancer staging.
© 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel
- Prostate cancer
- Diffusion-weighted MRI
- Dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI
- Magnetic resonance spectroscopy
- Prostate ultrasonography imaging
- Positron emission tomography
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Published online: January 27, 2012
Number of Print Pages : 12
Number of Figures : 4, Number of Tables : 5, Number of References : 130
Vol. 88, No. 2, Year 2012 (Cover Date: March 2012)
Journal Editor: Wirth M.P. (Dresden), Porena M. (Perugia), Hakenberg O.W. (Rostock), Castro-Diaz D. (Santa Cruz de Tenerife)
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