Since the first report in 1993, an ectopic centromere, i.e. neocentromere formation, has been reported in more than 100 small supernumerary marker chromosomes (sSMC), in 7 instances of centromere repositioning, and in about a dozen cases with more complex chromosomal rearrangements. Here we report 2 new cases with centromere repositioning and 3 neocentric sSMC consisting exclusively of heterochromatic material. Yet, no centromere formation was reported for the regions 18q22.1 and Xq27.1∼27.2 as it was observed in the 2 cases with centromere repositioning here; in both cases, cytogenetically an inversion was suggested. Two of the 3 neocentric sSMC were derived from a short arm of an acrocentric chromosome. The remainder neocentric sSMC case was previously reported and was stainable only by material derived from itself.
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