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Vol. 159, No. 3, 2012
Issue release date: October 2012

How Can We Better Classify NSAID Hypersensitivity Reactions? – Validation from a Large Database

Caimmi S. · Caimmi D. · Bousquet P.-J. · Demoly P.
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Abstract

Background: Hypersensitivity to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is one of the most common drug hypersensitivities. Several clinical subtypes have been distinguished depending on symptomatology (respiratory, cutaneous, anaphylaxis), timing (immediate, delayed), underlying chronic disease (asthma, chronic urticaria) or putative mechanism of the reaction (allergic, nonallergic mediated). The aim of the present study was to better classify the many hypersensitivity reactions to NSAIDs. Methods: In the present retrospective study, during an 11-year study period, we collected data from all patients with a proven NSAID hypersensitivity. Reactions were classified according to clinical patterns, chronology, underlying diseases and the results of oral provocation tests into 5 and 7 groups in line with two published classifications, respectively. Results: Forty-nine and 88 out of 307 reactions (in 122 patients) could not be classified on the basis of the two previously published classifications. We created a new classification which could include all patient reactions. Conclusions: Our new classification is more suitable for clinical expression of NSAID hypersensitivity. It allows clinicians to identify patients at a high risk, based on the clinical history and clinical manifestations. Moreover, it is helpful for a better understanding and teaching of these reactions.



Copyright / Drug Dosage

Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
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