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Vol. 90, No. 5, 2012
Issue release date: October 2012
Stereotact Funct Neurosurg 2012;90:292–299

The Effect of Bilateral Globus Pallidus Internus Deep Brain Stimulation plus Ventralis Oralis Thalamotomy on Patients with Cerebral Palsy

Kim J.P. · Chang W.S. · Cho S.-R. · Chang J.W.
aDepartment of Neurosurgery, Severance Hospital, Brain Korea 21 Project for Medical Science, Brain Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, and bDepartment and Research Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea

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Objective: We compared bilateral globus pallidus internus (GPi) deep brain stimulation (DBS) with bilateral GPi DBS plus ventralis oralis (Vo) thalamotomy to analyze the effect of the combined Vo thalamotomy. Methods: Between March 2003 and December 2008, 10 patients underwent DBS and/or Vo thalamotomy for treatment of cerebral palsy in our institute of neurosurgery and rehabilitation medicine. Four patients received bilateral posteroventral GPi DBS as group I and 6 patients received GPi DBS plus unilateral thalamotomy as group II. Results: The movement and disability scores of group I improved by 32 and 14.3%, respectively, at the last follow-up compared with baseline. The movement and disability scores of group II improved by 31.5 and 0.18%. The BFMDRS-movement subscores of group II demonstrated statistically significant improvement in the contralateral arm compared to group I (p = 0.042). Body pain, vitality and mental health seemed to improve in group II, in terms of health-related quality of life. Conclusions: Contrary to our expectations, we were unable to demonstrate clear improvements in overall BFMDRS scores between group I and group II. However, movements of the contralateral upper extremities improved and health-related quality of life in group II showed satisfactory results.

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