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Vol. 90, No. 5, 2012
Issue release date: October 2012
Stereotact Funct Neurosurg 2012;90:292–299
(DOI:10.1159/000338093)

The Effect of Bilateral Globus Pallidus Internus Deep Brain Stimulation plus Ventralis Oralis Thalamotomy on Patients with Cerebral Palsy

Kim J.P. · Chang W.S. · Cho S.-R. · Chang J.W.
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Abstract

Objective: We compared bilateral globus pallidus internus (GPi) deep brain stimulation (DBS) with bilateral GPi DBS plus ventralis oralis (Vo) thalamotomy to analyze the effect of the combined Vo thalamotomy. Methods: Between March 2003 and December 2008, 10 patients underwent DBS and/or Vo thalamotomy for treatment of cerebral palsy in our institute of neurosurgery and rehabilitation medicine. Four patients received bilateral posteroventral GPi DBS as group I and 6 patients received GPi DBS plus unilateral thalamotomy as group II. Results: The movement and disability scores of group I improved by 32 and 14.3%, respectively, at the last follow-up compared with baseline. The movement and disability scores of group II improved by 31.5 and 0.18%. The BFMDRS-movement subscores of group II demonstrated statistically significant improvement in the contralateral arm compared to group I (p = 0.042). Body pain, vitality and mental health seemed to improve in group II, in terms of health-related quality of life. Conclusions: Contrary to our expectations, we were unable to demonstrate clear improvements in overall BFMDRS scores between group I and group II. However, movements of the contralateral upper extremities improved and health-related quality of life in group II showed satisfactory results.



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