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Vol. 68, No. 4, 2012
Issue release date: October 2012

The Effect of Voluntary Training with Family Participation on Early Home Discharge in Patients with Severe Stroke at a Convalescent Rehabilitation Ward

Hirano Y. · Maeshima S. · Osawa A. · Nishio D. · Takeda K. · Baba M. · Kigawa H.
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Abstract

Background: The purpose of this study was to clarify the effects of voluntary training with family participation in addition to conventional rehabilitation for stroke patients. Methods/Design: The subjects were 49 first-time stroke patients with severe hemiplegia. They were divided into two groups: a family participation group, in which voluntary training was performed with family members (21 patients), and a nonfamily participation group, in which voluntary training was performed with a physical therapist (28 patients). The groups were compared by background, cognitive and physical function, postadmission course, and outcome. Results: There were shortened lengths of stay and higher rates of home discharge in family participation group, but no differences in functional recovery. Conclusions: Voluntary training with family participation was effective in shortening the length of hospital stay and in improving the rate of home discharge in a convalescent rehabilitation ward.



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