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A Questionnaire-Based Survey on Screening for Gastric and Colorectal Cancer by Physicians in East Asian Countries in 2010

Naito Y.a · Uchiyama K.a · Kinoshita Y.b · Fukudo S.c · Joh T.d · Suzuki H.e · Takahashi S.f · Ueno F.g · Fujiwara Y.h · Arakawa T.h · Matsumoto T.i · Hahm K.-B.j · Kachintorn U.k · Syam A.F.l · Rani A.A.m · Sollano J.D.n · Zhu Q.o
aMolecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, bDepartment of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Shimane University School of Medicine, Izumo, cTohoku University School of Medicine, Sendai, dDepartment of Gastroenterology and Metabolism, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya, eDivision of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, fDepartment of Gastroenterology, School of Medicine, Kyorin University, Kyorin, gOfuna Chuo Hospital, Kamakura, hDepartment of Gastroenterology, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, and iDivision of Lower Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Hyogo College of Medicine, Nishinomiya, Japan; jGachon University of Medicine and Science, Lee Gil Ya Cancer and Diabetes Institution, Incheon, Korea; kDivision of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand; lDivision of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia, Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, and mDepartment of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia; nUniversity of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines; oRui Jing Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China Digestion 2012;86:94–106 (DOI:10.1159/000339342)

Abstract

Background: The incidence of gastric cancer (GC) is high, and colorectal cancer (CRC) has significantly increased in Asian countries. Aim: To examine the current screening for GC and CRC within East Asia by means of a questionnaire survey. Methods: Representative members of the Committee of the International Gastrointestinal Consensus Symposium provided a questionnaire to physicians in six East Asian countries. Results: A total of 449 physicians participated in this survey. In all countries, more than 70% of physicians started GC screening between 40 and 59 years. The most popular method to screen for GC was endoscopy (92.7%), but combination methods such as Helicobacter pylori (HP) antibody, barium X-ray, and tumor marker with endoscopy differed by country. For HP-positive individuals, most physicians screened every year by endoscopy, and for individuals post-HP eradication, about half of physicians (56.3%) thought there was a need to follow-up with GC screening. Among all physicians, the most common age to start CRC screening was in the 40s (39.8%) and 50s (40.9%). Based on the American Cancer Society Recommendations, a fecal occult blood test every year was the most popular method for CRC screening overall. However, among each country, this test was most popular in only Japan (76.9%) and Indonesia. In other countries, sigmoidoscopy every 5 years and total colonoscopy every 10 years were the most popular methods. Conclusion: There are similarities and differences in the screening of GC and CRC among East Asian countries.

 

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