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Vol. 6, No. 2, 2012
Issue release date: May – August
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Case Rep Gastroenterol 2012;6:415–424
(DOI:10.1159/000339916)

FDG-PET Findings of Intraductal Oncocytic Papillary Neoplasms of the Pancreas: Two Case Reports

Kato T.a · Ikari S.a · Hirata K.d · Machida T.a · Nakamura H.a · Meguro T.a · Morita T.b · Takahashi T.c · Tamaki N.d · Horita S.a
Departments of aInternal Medicine, bSurgery and cPathology, Hokkaido Gastroenterology Hospital, and dDepartment of Nuclear Medicine, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan
email Corresponding Author

Abstract

Intraductal oncocytic papillary neoplasm (IOPN) of the pancreas is a rare pancreatic tumor. To date, there have been three case reports of IOPN which showed strong positivity on 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET), raising the possibility of distinguishing IOPNs from other intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) using FDG-PET. However, all three cases had large tumors, approximately 10 cm in diameter, and there are no case reports of FDG-PET findings of small IOPNs, i.e. tumors the average size of malignant IPMNs (3–5 cm). We report two cases with IOPN of average size with FDG-PET findings. Computed tomography (CT) showed a multilocular cystic lesion 4 cm in diameter with a mural nodule 1 cm in diameter (case 1) and a cystic lesion 5 cm in diameter with a papillary mural nodule 4 cm in diameter (case 2). FDG-PET showed abnormal uptake at the same location as the pancreatic tumor revealed by CT in both cases. The maximum standardized uptake values of the lesions were 3.4 and 4.2, respectively. Surgical resection was performed and the tumor was diagnosed as IOPN with carcinoma in situ (case 1) and IOPN with minimal invasion (case 2). FDG-PET may be useful for diagnosing malignancy in IOPN, as it is in IPMN. However, in our two cases, strong accumulation was not observed in the IOPNs, which were within the average size range of malignant IPMNs.


 Outline


 goto top of outline Key Words

  • Intraductal oncocytic papillary neoplasm
  • FDG-PET
  • Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm

 goto top of outline Abstract

Intraductal oncocytic papillary neoplasm (IOPN) of the pancreas is a rare pancreatic tumor. To date, there have been three case reports of IOPN which showed strong positivity on 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET), raising the possibility of distinguishing IOPNs from other intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) using FDG-PET. However, all three cases had large tumors, approximately 10 cm in diameter, and there are no case reports of FDG-PET findings of small IOPNs, i.e. tumors the average size of malignant IPMNs (3–5 cm). We report two cases with IOPN of average size with FDG-PET findings. Computed tomography (CT) showed a multilocular cystic lesion 4 cm in diameter with a mural nodule 1 cm in diameter (case 1) and a cystic lesion 5 cm in diameter with a papillary mural nodule 4 cm in diameter (case 2). FDG-PET showed abnormal uptake at the same location as the pancreatic tumor revealed by CT in both cases. The maximum standardized uptake values of the lesions were 3.4 and 4.2, respectively. Surgical resection was performed and the tumor was diagnosed as IOPN with carcinoma in situ (case 1) and IOPN with minimal invasion (case 2). FDG-PET may be useful for diagnosing malignancy in IOPN, as it is in IPMN. However, in our two cases, strong accumulation was not observed in the IOPNs, which were within the average size range of malignant IPMNs.

Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel


 goto top of outline Author Contacts

Takashi Kato
Department of Internal Medicine, Hokkaido Gastroenterology Hospital
Honcho 1 jo 1chome, Kita-ku, Sapporo (Japan)
Tel. +81 11 784 1811, E-Mail tks-kato@hgh.or.jp


 goto top of outline Article Information

Published online: June 26, 2012
Number of Print Pages : 10
Number of Figures : 4, Number of Tables : 1,


 goto top of outline Publication Details

Case Reports in Gastroenterology

Vol. 6, No. 2, Year 2012 (Cover Date: May - August)

Journal Editor: Urrutia R. (Rochester, Minn.), Lomberk G. (Rochester, Minn.)
ISSN: 1662-0631 (Print), eISSN: 1662-0631 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/CRG


Open Access License / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer

Open Access License: This is an Open Access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported license (CC BY-NC) (www.karger.com/OA-license), applicable to the online version of the article only. Distribution permitted for non-commercial purposes only.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

Abstract

Intraductal oncocytic papillary neoplasm (IOPN) of the pancreas is a rare pancreatic tumor. To date, there have been three case reports of IOPN which showed strong positivity on 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET), raising the possibility of distinguishing IOPNs from other intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) using FDG-PET. However, all three cases had large tumors, approximately 10 cm in diameter, and there are no case reports of FDG-PET findings of small IOPNs, i.e. tumors the average size of malignant IPMNs (3–5 cm). We report two cases with IOPN of average size with FDG-PET findings. Computed tomography (CT) showed a multilocular cystic lesion 4 cm in diameter with a mural nodule 1 cm in diameter (case 1) and a cystic lesion 5 cm in diameter with a papillary mural nodule 4 cm in diameter (case 2). FDG-PET showed abnormal uptake at the same location as the pancreatic tumor revealed by CT in both cases. The maximum standardized uptake values of the lesions were 3.4 and 4.2, respectively. Surgical resection was performed and the tumor was diagnosed as IOPN with carcinoma in situ (case 1) and IOPN with minimal invasion (case 2). FDG-PET may be useful for diagnosing malignancy in IOPN, as it is in IPMN. However, in our two cases, strong accumulation was not observed in the IOPNs, which were within the average size range of malignant IPMNs.



 goto top of outline Author Contacts

Takashi Kato
Department of Internal Medicine, Hokkaido Gastroenterology Hospital
Honcho 1 jo 1chome, Kita-ku, Sapporo (Japan)
Tel. +81 11 784 1811, E-Mail tks-kato@hgh.or.jp


 goto top of outline Article Information

Published online: June 26, 2012
Number of Print Pages : 10
Number of Figures : 4, Number of Tables : 1,


 goto top of outline Publication Details

Case Reports in Gastroenterology

Vol. 6, No. 2, Year 2012 (Cover Date: May - August)

Journal Editor: Urrutia R. (Rochester, Minn.), Lomberk G. (Rochester, Minn.)
ISSN: 1662-0631 (Print), eISSN: 1662-0631 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/CRG


Open Access License / Drug Dosage

Open Access License: This is an Open Access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported license (CC BY-NC) (www.karger.com/OA-license), applicable to the online version of the article only. Distribution permitted for non-commercial purposes only.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.