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Vol. 89, No. 3, 2012
Issue release date: October 2012
Urol Int 2012;89:307–310

Ureteral Stenting in Cytoreductive Surgery plus Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy as a Routine Procedure: Evidence and Necessity

Coccolini F. · Lotti M. · Manfredi R. · Catena F. · Vallicelli C. · De Iaco P.A. · Da Pozzo L. · Frigerio L. · Ansaloni L.
Departments of aGeneral and Emergency Surgery, bUrology, and cObstetrics and Gynecology, Ospedali Riuniti, Bergamo, and Departments of dGeneral and Transplant Surgery, and eObstetrics and Gynecology, Sant’Orsola-Malpighi University Hospital, Bologna, Italy

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Introduction: There is a need for more exhaustive data concerning the use of prophylactic ureteral stenting for extended debulking and cytoreductive procedures in the literature. Material and Methods: A retrospective analysis of the CARPEPACEM study protocol database was performed. The trial protocol schedules the positioning of bilateral ureteral stents before cytoreductive surgery + hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC). Results: Fifty-one operated patients: 31 (59.6%) with peritoneal dissemination from ovarian cancer, 8 (15.3%) from colorectal cancer, 4 (7.9%) from pseudomyxoma peritonei, 3 (5.7%) from gastric cancer, 2 (3.8%) from peritoneal mesothelioma, 1 (1.9%) from appendiceal cancer, 1 (1.9%) from endometrial cancer, and 1 (1.9%) from leiomyosarcoma. Mean and median peritoneal cancer index: 11 and 10 (range: 0–28). CC-score: CC-0 in 45 (86.5%) patients, CC-1 in 5 (9.6%) and CC-2 in 1 (1.9%). HIPEC was performed with platinum + taxol in 22 patients (42.3%), platinum + adriablastin in 10 (19.2%), mitomycin in 9 (17.3%), platinum + mitomycin in 7 (13.4%), platinum + doxorubicin in 2 (3.8%), and taxol + adriablastin in 1 (1.9%). Two major ureteral complications were observed (3.9%). Discussion: Prophylactic ureteral stenting could reduce the risk of postoperative ureteral complications without an increase in stent placement-related complications; however, a randomized clinical trial is needed.

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Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
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