Cover

Obesity Treatment and Prevention: New Directions

73rd Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop, Carlsbad, Calif., September 2011

Editor(s): Drewnowski A. (Seattle, Wash.) 
Rolls B.J. (University Park, Pa.) 
To view the fulltext, log-in or choose pay-per-view options:
Get Access

Starting Early: Obesity Prevention during Infancy

Birch L.L.a · Anzman-Frasca S.a · Paul I.M.b
aCenter for Childhood Obesity Research, Noll Laboratory, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, and bDepartment of Pediatrics, Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, PA, USA Drewnowski A, Rolls BJ (eds): Obesity Treatment and Prevention: New Directions. Nestlé Nutr Inst Workshop Ser. Nestec Ltd., Vevey/S. Karger AG., Basel, 2012, vol 73, pp 81–94 (DOI:10.1159/000341300)

Abstract

Obesity prevalence among infants and young children has increased rapidly during the past 4 decades, a disturbing trend given early obesity’s association with later life obesity and its comorbidities. Fortunately, infancy is a period of great behavioral and metabolic plasticity offering numerous targets for preventive interventions. Modifiable factors that may affect early rapid weight gain and obesity risk include infant sleep duration, feeding to soothe infant distress, and the introduction of solid foods and transitional feeding. We discuss evidence linking these factors to weight outcomes, as well as results from behavioral obesity interventions in infancy, from our laboratory and others’. For example, in a recent pilot intervention, we focused on helping new mothers address three areas of infant behavior hypothesized to affect weight gain and early obesity risk: infant sleeping, crying, and feeding. First-time mothers were randomly assigned to receive either a Soothe/Sleep intervention, an Introduction of Solids intervention, both interventions, or no interventions. The interventions were delivered via home visits and showed positive effects on infant behaviors and weight outcomes at 1 year. Based on evidence from such pilot interventions, we assess the plausibility of targeting behavioral factors in infancy and suggest next steps for early prevention research.

 

Individual Users: Register with Karger Login Information

Please create your User ID & Password





Contact Information











I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree.


Pay-per-View Options
Direct payment This item at the regular price: USD 33.00
Payment from account With a Karger Pay-per-View account (down payment USD 150) you profit from a special rate for this and other single items.
This item at the discounted price: USD 23.00