Cover

Acute Topics in Sport Nutrition

Editor(s): Lamprecht M. (Graz) 
Table of Contents
Vol. 59, 2012
Section title: Nutritional Interventions and Athlete’s Health
Lamprecht M (ed): Acute Topics in Sport Nutrition. Med Sport Sci. Basel, Karger, 2013, vol 59, pp 94–103
(DOI:10.1159/000341968)

Impact of Milk Consumption and Resistance Training on Body Composition of Female Athletes

Josse A.R. · Phillips S.M.
Department of Kinesiology, Faculty of Science, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ont., Canada

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Nutritional Interventions and Athlete’s Health

Published online: 10/15/2012
Cover Date: 2013

Number of Print Pages: 10
Number of Figures: 2
Number of Tables: 0

ISBN: 978-3-8055-9992-4 (Print)
eISBN: 978-3-8055-9993-1 (Online)

Abstract

Resistance exercise (RE) preceding the provision of high-quality dairy protein supports muscle anabolism. Milk contains bioactive components, including two high-quality protein fractions, calcium and vitamin D, each of which has been shown modulate body composition (increasing lean mass and decreasing fat mass) under energy balance and hypoenergetic conditions. These dairy nutrients are also essential for skeletal health. Acutely, no study of RE and milk/whey consumption has been undertaken exclusively in female athletes, let alone women, nevertheless, studies with both men and women show increased lean mass accretion following milk/whey compared to soy/placebo. Currently, no longer-term RE studies with milk supplementation have been done in female athletes. However, trials in young recreationally active women demonstrated augmented increases in lean mass and decreases in fat mass with RE and milk or whey protein consumption. The amount of protein consumed post-exercise is also important; two trials using yogurt (5 g protein/6 oz) failed to demonstrate a positive change in body composition compared to placebo. For bone health, RE plus dairy improved bone mineral density at clinically important sites and reduced bone resorption. With energy restriction, in one study, higher dairy plus higher protein resulted in greater fat loss, lean mass gain and improved bone health in overweight women. In another study, milk and calcium supplementation showed no greater benefit. Neither trial exclusively utilized RE. Overall, RE and milk/dairy consumption positively impact body composition in women by promoting losses in fat, gains or maintenance of lean mass and preservation of bone. Future studies in female athletes and under energy restriction with RE alone are warranted.


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Nutritional Interventions and Athlete’s Health

Published online: 10/15/2012
Cover Date: 2013

Number of Print Pages: 10
Number of Figures: 2
Number of Tables: 0

ISBN: 978-3-8055-9992-4 (Print)
eISBN: 978-3-8055-9993-1 (Online)


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Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

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