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Vol. 161, No. 2, 2013
Issue release date: May 2013
Section title: Original Paper
Int Arch Allergy Immunol 2013;161:163–173
(DOI:10.1159/000345130)

Asthmatic Response to Milk Ingestion Challenge in Adults: A Comparison of the Open and Double-Blind Challenges

Pelikan Z.
Allergy Research Foundation, Breda, The Netherlands

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: 6/14/2012 11:25:49 AM
Accepted: 10/1/2012
Published online: 1/24/2013

Number of Print Pages: 11
Number of Figures: 1
Number of Tables: 6

ISSN: 1018-2438 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0097 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/IAA

Abstract

Background: Cow’s milk allergy can participate in pathophysiological mechanisms underlying bronchial asthma in some adult patients. This role should ultimately be confirmed by means of a milk ingestion challenge. In this study, the diagnostic value of the open food ingestion challenge (OFICH) and the double-blind placebo-controlled food challenge (DBPCFC) techniques with milk were compared in adult patients suffering from bronchial asthma with suspected milk allergy. Methods: In 87 asthmatics with a suspected history and positive skin tests for milk, the 87 OFICHs and DBPCFCs were performed in combination with spirometry and followed up to 72 h after the challenge. Results: Of 87 patients, 74 (85%) developed a positive asthmatic response (AR) (20 immediate, 33 late, 6 dual late and 15 delayed; p < 0.01) and 13 (15%) developed a negative AR (p > 0.1) to OFICH. Seventy-five (86%) developed a positive AR (17 immediate, 35 late, 8 dual late and 15 delayed; p < 0.01) and 12 (14%) developed a negative AR (p > 0.05) to DBPCFC. The correlation between the OFICH and DBPCFC was statistically significant (p < 0.01). All placebo control challenges were negative (p > 0.2). Conclusions: In some adults with bronchial asthma, involvement of an allergy to cow’s milk results in the appearance of various AR types (immediate, late, dual late or delayed). The milk allergy can be confirmed by open or double-blind techniques, combined with spirometry. No significant differences were found between the OFICH and DBPCFC results. OFICH with natural milk combined with spirometry seems, therefore, to be an adequate technique for the detection of milk allergy in asthmatics. The DBPCFC can be performed as an additional check, if necessary.


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: 6/14/2012 11:25:49 AM
Accepted: 10/1/2012
Published online: 1/24/2013

Number of Print Pages: 11
Number of Figures: 1
Number of Tables: 6

ISSN: 1018-2438 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0097 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/IAA


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Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
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