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Vol. 103, No. 3, 2013
Issue release date: March 2013
Section title: Original Paper
Neonatology 2013;103:170–176
(DOI:10.1159/000345419)

Pasteurization of Mother’s Own Milk for Preterm Infants Does Not Reduce the Incidence of Late-Onset Sepsis

Cossey V. · Vanhole C. · Eerdekens A. · Rayyan M. · Fieuws S. · Schuermans A.
aNeonatal Intensive Care Unit and bDepartment of Hospital Hygiene and Infection Control, University Hospitals Leuven, and cInteruniversity Centre for Biostatistics and Statistical Bioinformatics, Department of Public Health, Leuven, Belgium

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: 6/15/2012 6:15:23 PM
Accepted: 10/25/2012
Published online: 12/20/2012

Number of Print Pages: 7
Number of Figures: 1
Number of Tables: 4

ISSN: 1661-7800 (Print)
eISSN: 1661-7819 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/NEO

Abstract

Background: Feeding preterm infants human milk has a beneficial effect on the risk of late-onset sepsis (LOS). Due to lack of microbiological standards, practices such as pasteurization of mother’s own milk differ widely among neonatal intensive care units worldwide. Objectives: To investigate whether pasteurization of mother’s own milk for very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants influences the incidence and severity of infection-related outcomes. Methods: In this randomized controlled trial, preterm infants (gestational age <32 weeks and/or birth weight <1,500 g) received either raw or pasteurized mother’s own milk during the first 8 weeks of life. The primary outcome was the incidence of proven LOS. A dose-response relation was verified, i.e. the dependence of the risk of sepsis on the actual and cumulative quantities of mother’s own milk. Results: This study included 303 VLBW infants (mean birth weight: 1,276 g; mean gestational age: 29 weeks) whose baseline and nutritional characteristics were similar. The incidence of laboratory-confirmed sepsis was not statistically different in infants fed raw milk compared to infants who received pasteurized milk: 22/151 (0.15, CI: 0.08–0.20) and 31/152 (0.20, CI: 0.14–0.27), respectively (RR: 0.71; 95% CI: 0.43–1.17). A significant dose-response relation was observed between the adjusted quantity of enteral feeding and the risk of LOS, regardless of the type of feeding. Conclusion: For preterm infants, pasteurization of mother’s own milk shows a trend towards an increase in infectious morbidity, although no statistical significance was reached. Practices should focus on collection, storage and labeling procedures to ensure the safety and quality of expressed milk.


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: 6/15/2012 6:15:23 PM
Accepted: 10/25/2012
Published online: 12/20/2012

Number of Print Pages: 7
Number of Figures: 1
Number of Tables: 4

ISSN: 1661-7800 (Print)
eISSN: 1661-7819 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/NEO


Copyright / Drug Dosage

Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

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