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Vol. 62, No. 4, 2013
Issue release date: July 2013
Section title: Original Paper
Ann Nutr Metab 2013;62:291-297
(DOI:10.1159/000348437)

Iron Status and Dietary Iron Intake of Vegetarian Children from Poland

Gorczyca D. · Prescha A. · Szeremeta K. · Jankowski A.
aThird Department and Clinic of Paediatrics, Immunology and Rheumatology of Developmental Age, Wroclaw Medical University, and bDepartment of Food Science and Dietetics, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: 8/17/2012
Accepted: 1/24/2013
Published online: 5/25/2013

Number of Print Pages: 7
Number of Figures: 1
Number of Tables: 3

ISSN: 0250-6807 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9697 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/ANM

Abstract

Background/Aim: In Poland, vegetarian diets are becoming more and more popular. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of iron intake on iron status in vegetarian children. Methods: Dietary iron intake, iron food sources, blood count, serum iron, ferritin level and total iron-binding capacity were estimated in two groups of children, namely vegetarians (n = 22) and omnivores (n = 18) of both sexes, aged from 2 to 18 years. Seven-day food records were used to assess their diet. Results: Dietary iron intake in vegetarians and omnivores was low (up to 65.0 and 60.1% of the recommended dietary allowance). A significantly higher intake of vitamin C was observed in vegetarians compared with omnivores (p = 0.019). The main sources of iron in vegetarians were cereal products, followed by vegetables and mushroom products, then fruit. The prevalence of iron deficiency (ID) was higher in the vegetarian group (p = 0.023). The serum ferritin level and mean corpuscular volume in the vegetarians were also lower than in the omnivores (p = 0.01 and p = 0.014, respectively). Conclusions: Children who follow a vegetarian diet may suffer from ID in spite of having a high vitamin C intake. This indicates the need to introduce dietary education and iron status monitoring.


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: 8/17/2012
Accepted: 1/24/2013
Published online: 5/25/2013

Number of Print Pages: 7
Number of Figures: 1
Number of Tables: 3

ISSN: 0250-6807 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9697 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/ANM


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Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
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