Journal Mobile Options
Table of Contents
Vol. 161, Suppl. 2, 2013
Issue release date: May 2013
Int Arch Allergy Immunol 2013;161(suppl 2):154-158

Significantly High Levels of Anti-dsDNA Immunoglobulin E in Sera and the Ability of dsDNA to Induce the Degranulation of Basophils from Chronic Urticaria Patients

Kashiwakura J. · Hayama K. · Fujisawa D. · Sasaki-Sakamoto T. · Terui T. · Ra C. · Okayama Y.
Departments of aMolecular Cell Immunology and Allergology, and bDermatology, Nihon University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan

Individual Users: Register with Karger Login Information

Please create your User ID & Password

Contact Information

I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree.

To view the fulltext, please log in

To view the pdf, please log in


Background: Chronic urticaria (CU) appears to be of autoimmune origin in about half of all patients, since several autoreactive immunoglobulin Gs (IgGs), such as anti-FcεRIα and anti-IgE, are detected in the sera of such patients. However, whether autoreactive IgE is associated with CU remains unclear. In this study, we attempted to identify autoreactive IgE antibodies in sera from patients with CU. Methods: Sera were collected from 67 normal subjects, 85 patients with CU and 28 patients with atopic dermatitis (AD). An autologous serum skin test (ASST) was performed on 27 of the CU patients. Autoreactive IgE and IgG levels against self-antigens were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. The basophils were activated with dsDNA, and the CD63 expression level was examined using a fluorescence-activated cell sorter. Results: The anti-dsDNA IgE levels were significantly higher in patients with CU and AD than in normal subjects, but no differences in the anti-dsDNA IgG levels were seen. The levels of thioredoxin-, peroxiredoxin- and thyroglobulin-reactive IgE and IgG were not significantly higher in the CU patients than in the other 2 groups. There was no significant difference in the levels of anti-dsDNA IgE between ASST-positive and ASST-negative patients. The basophils from 2 out of 9 CU patients exhibited degranulation in response to dsDNA. Conclusions: Our data suggest that anti-dsDNA IgE is involved in the pathogenesis of some cases of CU.

Copyright / Drug Dosage

Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.


  1. Ferrer M, Nunez-Cordoba JM, Luquin E, Grattan CE, De la Borbolla JM, Sanz ML, Schwartz LB: Serum total tryptase levels are increased in patients with active chronic urticaria. Clin Exp Allergy 2010;40:1760-1766.
  2. Kaplan AP, Joseph K, Maykut RJ, Geba GP, Zeldin RK: Treatment of chronic autoimmune urticaria with omalizumab. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2008;122:569-573.
  3. Saini S, Rosen KE, Hsieh HJ, Wong DA, Conner E, Kaplan A, Spector S, Maurer M: A randomized, placebo-controlled, dose-ranging study of single-dose omalizumab in patients with H1-antihistamine-refractory chronic idiopathic urticaria. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2011;128:567-573.e1.
  4. Zuberbier T, Asero R, Bindslev-Jensen C, Walter Canonica G, Church MK, Gimenez-Arnau A, Grattan CE, Kapp A, Merk HF, Rogala B, Saini S, Sanchez-Borges M, Schmid-Grendelmeier P, Schunemann H, Staubach P, Vena GA, Wedi B, Maurer M: EAACI/GA(2)LEN/EDF/WAO guideline: definition, classification and diagnosis of urticaria. Allergy 2009;64:1417-1426.
  5. Gruber BL, Baeza ML, Marchese MJ, Agnello V, Kaplan AP: Prevalence and functional role of anti-IgE autoantibodies in urticarial syndromes. J Invest Dermatol 1988;90:213-217.
  6. Hide M, Francis DM, Grattan CE, Hakimi J, Kochan JP, Greaves MW: Autoantibodies against the high-affinity IgE receptor as a cause of histamine release in chronic urticaria. N Engl J Med 1993;328:1599-1604.
  7. Fiebiger E, Tortorella D, Jouvin MH, Kinet JP, Ploegh HL: Cotranslational endoplasmic reticulum assembly of FcεRI controls the formation of functional IgE-binding receptors. J Exp Med 2005;201:267-277.
  8. Tong LJ, Balakrishnan G, Kochan JP, Kinet JP, Kaplan AP: Assessment of autoimmunity in patients with chronic urticaria. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1997;99:461-465.
  9. Altrichter S, Peter HJ, Pisarevskaja D, Metz M, Martus P, Maurer M: IgE-mediated autoallergy against thyroid peroxidase - a novel pathomechanism of chronic spontaneous urticaria? PLoS One 2011;6:e14794.
  10. Konstantinou GN, Asero R, Maurer M, Sabroe RA, Schmid-Grendelmeier P, Grattan CE: EAACI/GA(2)LEN task force consensus report: the autologous serum skin test in urticaria. Allergy 2009;64:1256-1268.
  11. Gentinetta T, Pecaric-Petkovic T, Wan D, Falcone FH, Dahinden CA, Pichler WJ, Hausmann OV: Individual IL-3 priming is crucial for consistent in vitro activation of donor basophils in patients with chronic urticaria. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2011;128:1227-1234 e1225.
  12. Okumura S, Kashiwakura J, Tomita H, Matsumoto K, Nakajima T, Saito H, Okayama Y: Identification of specific gene expression profiles in human mast cells mediated by Toll-like receptor 4 and FcεRI. Blood 2003;102:2547-2554.
  13. Gimborn K, Lessmann E, Kuppig S, Krystal G, Huber M: SHIP down-regulates FcεR1-induced degranulation at supraoptimal IgE or antigen levels. J Immunol 2005;174:507-516.

    External Resources

Pay-per-View Options
Direct payment This item at the regular price: USD 38.00
Payment from account With a Karger Pay-per-View account (down payment USD 150) you profit from a special rate for this and other single items.
This item at the discounted price: USD 26.50