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Citicoline Oral Solution in Glaucoma: Is There a Role in Slowing Disease Progression?

Ottobelli L.a · Manni G.L.b, c · Centofanti M.b, c · Iester M.d · Allevena F.d · Rossetti L.a
aEye Clinic, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, bDipartimento di Scienze Cliniche e Medicina Traslazionale, University of Rome Tor Vegata, and cFondazione G.B. Bietti per l'Oftalmologia, IRCCS, Rome, and dLaboratorio Clinico Anatomo-Funzionale per la Diagnosi e il Trattamento del Glaucoma e delle Malattie Neurooftalmologiche, Clinica Oculistica, DINOGMI, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy Ophthalmologica 2013;229:219-226 (DOI:10.1159/000350496)

Abstract

Purpose: To assess the effect of citicoline on visual field rates of progression in patients with progressing glaucoma. Patients and Methods: Forty-one patients with a diagnosis of progressing glaucoma received citicoline in oral solution for 2 years. Included were patients with a disease progression of at least -1 dB/year (at MD, mean deviation) for at least 3 years before entering the study despite controlled intraocular pressure (IOP). Patients were followed with 4 visual field examinations per year for 2 years. Results: At baseline, the mean rate of progression was -1.1 (±0.7) dB/year despite the fact that the IOP had been below 18 mm Hg for at least 3 years. At study inclusion, the mean IOP was 15.5 (±2.6) mm Hg and the mean MD was -9.2 (±6.7) dB in the worst eye. Starting from the first cycle of treatment with citicoline, the mean rate of progression significantly changed to -0.15 (±0.3) dB/year at the end of the study (p = 0.01). Conclusions: This study seems to indicate that supplementation with citicoline might significantly slow down glaucomatous rates of progression.

 

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