Cover

Nutritional Care of Preterm Infants

Scientific Basis and Practical Guidelines

Editor(s): Koletzko B. (Munich) 
Poindexter B. (Indianapolis, Ind.) 
Uauy R. (Santiago de Chile) 
Table of Contents
Vol. 110, 2014
Section title:  
Koletzko B, Poindexter B, Uauy R (eds): Nutritional Care of Preterm Infants: Scientific Basis and Practical Guidelines. World Rev Nutr Diet. Basel, Karger, 2014, vol 110, pp 99-120
(DOI:10.1159/000358461)

Water, Sodium, Potassium and Chloride

Fusch C. · Jochum F.
aDepartment of Pediatrics, McMaster University & Hamilton Health Sciences, Hamilton, Ont., Canada; bDepartment of Pediatrics, Evangelisches Waldkrankenhaus Spandau, Berlin, Germany

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of  

Published online: 4/11/2014
Cover Date: 2014

Number of Print Pages: 22
Number of Figures: 3
Number of Tables: 0

ISBN: 978-3-318-02640-5 (Print)
eISBN: 978-3-318-02641-2 (Online)

Abstract

The sudden disruption of excessive placental supply with fluids and electrolytes is challenging for neonatal physiology during the period of postnatal adaptation. Different from many other nutrients, the body experiences large changes in daily requirements during the first 7-14 postnatal days, and on the other hand does not tolerate conditions of excess and deficiency very well. Imbalances of fluid and electrolytes are common in neonates, which - in addition - might be further aggravated by NICU treatment procedures. Therefore, fluid and electrolyte management can be one of the most challenging aspects of neonatal care of the premature infant. An understanding of the physiological adaptation process to extrauterine life - and how immaturity effects that transition - is the basis which is needed to understand and manage fluid and electrolyte balance in premature infants. This chapter addresses the physiology of postnatal adaptation and other aspects of fluid and electrolyte management (concerning potassium, sodium and chloride) of the preterm infant.


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of  

Published online: 4/11/2014
Cover Date: 2014

Number of Print Pages: 22
Number of Figures: 3
Number of Tables: 0

ISBN: 978-3-318-02640-5 (Print)
eISBN: 978-3-318-02641-2 (Online)


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Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
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