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Vol. 45, No. 5, 2001
Issue release date: September–October 2001

Effect of Naringin Supplementation on Cholesterol Metabolism and Antioxidant Status in Rats Fed High Cholesterol with Different Levels of Vitamin E

Choi M.-S. · Do K.-M. · Park Y.S. · Jeon S.-M. · Jeong T.-S. · Lee Y.-K. · Lee M.-K. · Bok S.-H.
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Abstract

Some bioflavonoids are potent antioxidants and have pharmacological effects similar to those of vitamin E. The interactive effect of naringin and vitamin E was studied with respect to cholesterol metabolism and antioxidant status. Naringin supplementation (0.1%, wt/wt) with comparable levels of vitamin E was given to rats with a high-cholesterol (1%, wt/wt) diet for 5 weeks. The amount of vitamin E included in naringin-free and naringin diets was a low (low-E) and a normal (normal-E) level. The naringin supplementation significantly lowered the concentrations of plasma cholesterol and triglyceride compared to the naringin-free group in low vitamin E-fed rats. HMG-CoA reductase activity was significantly lowered by naringin supplementation within both the low-vitamin E group (794.64 ± 9.87 vs. 432.18 ± 12.33 pmol/min/mg protein, mean ± SE; p < 0.05) and normal-vitamin E group (358.82 ± 11.4 vs. 218.22 ± 9.47 pmol/min/mg protein, mean ± SE; p < 0.05) compared to each of the naringin-free group. The HMG-CoA reductase activity was also significantly lowered by increased dietary vitamin E when compared within the naringin and naringin-free group, respectively. Neither dietary naringin nor vitamin E did significantly change the activities of hepatic antioxidant enzymes and plasma thiobarbituric acid-reactive substance level. These data indicate that naringin lowers the plasma lipid concentrations when the dietary vitamin E level is low. The HMG-CoA reductase-inhibitory effect of naringin was more potent when dietary vitamin E was at a normal level. These data may contribute to understanding the interactive effect of naringin and vitamin E on cholesterol biosynthesis in high-cholesterol-fed rats.



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