Table of Contents
To view the fulltext, log-in or choose pay-per-view options:
Get Access

Expression of Cyclooxygenase-2 Is Associated with Carcinogenesis of the Lower Part of Thoracic Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma and p53 Expression

Kawabe A. · Shimada Y. · Uchida S. · Maeda M. · Sato F. · Itami A. · Imamura M.
Department of Surgery and Surgical Basic Science, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan Oncology 2002;62:46–54 (DOI:10.1159/000048246)


Cyclooxygenase (COX) is a key enzyme in arachidonic acid metabolism. Two isoforms of this enzyme have been identified: constitutive COX-1 and inducible COX-2. Recently, expression of COX-2 has been found in several human carcinomas. COX-2 expression may contribute to the synthesis of prostanoids, which relate to carcinogenesis and tumor progression. We investigated the expression of COX-2 in 175 human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma tissues using immunohistochemistry and evaluated the relationship with clinicopathological findings. In addition, due to the known relevance of p53 to carcinogesis, we evaluated the expression of COX-2 and p53. Interestingly, cancer tissues with high COX-2 expression were found significantly more often in the middle and lower esophagus than in the cervical and upper esophagus (p = 0.0014). No significant differences were observed in other clinicopathological data such as age, sex, histopathological grading, lymphatic invasion, venous invasion, TNM clinical classification and patient prognosis. p53 expression was associated with the expression of COX-2 (p = 0.0122). Our findings suggest that COX-2 may play a role in the development of squamous cell carcinoma in the lower part of the thoracic esophagus.


Individual Users: Register with Karger Login Information

Please create your User ID & Password

Contact Information

I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree.

Pay-per-View Options
Direct payment This item at the regular price: USD 38.00
Payment from account With a Karger Pay-per-View account (down payment USD 150) you profit from a special rate for this and other single items.
This item at the discounted price: USD 26.50