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Familial and Sporadic Renal Oncocytomas – A Comparative Molecular–Genetic Analysis

Junker K.a · Weirich G.b,d · Moravek P.e · Podhola M.f · Ilse B.a · Hartmann A.c · Schubert J.a
aDepartment of Urology, Jena, bInstitute of Pathology, Technische Universität, Munich, and cInstitute of Pathology, Regensburg, Germany; dLIB, National Cancer Institute – FCRDC, Frederick, Md., USA; eDepartment of Urology and fInstitute of Pathology, Charles University, Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic Eur Urol 2001;40:330–336 (DOI:10.1159/000049795)

Abstract

Objectives: Genetic causes of sporadic and familial renal oncocytomas are not known. We analyzed these tumors genetically in order to detect tumor–specific chromosome alterations. Methods: DNA from 26 sporadic and 31 familial renal oncocytomas were screened by comparative genomic hybridization according to standard protocols including degenerate oligonucleotide–primed PCR. Results: Chromosome alterations were detected in 19/26 sporadic (73%) and in 4/31 familial renal oncocytomas (13%). Partial or complete losses of chromosome 1 were most frequently found in both sporadic (15/26) and familial tumors (2/4). Less frequently, loss of chromosome 14 (3/26) was detected in sporadic renal oncocytomas as well as losses of 2p, 2q, 4q, 10 and 18 and gains of 1q and 17q in individual sporadic tumors. Inter–tumor variation of chromosome aberrations was prominent in 1 patient, where 1 tumor showed gains of chromosomes 5, 6q, 7, 10p, 12 and 13q, whereas the second tumor exhibited gains of chromosomes 5 and 7 and loss of 10q. In contrast to sporadic renal oncocytomas, most familial tumors (87%) were devoid of chromosome instabilities. Conclusion: Our results demonstrate that partial or complete loss of chromosome 1 is the most common alteration in renal oncocytomas, sporadic and familial. However, chromosome changes are much rarer in familial than in sporadic renal oncocytomas.

 

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