Journal Mobile Options
Table of Contents
Vol. 72, No. 2, 2001
Issue release date: March–April 2001 (July 2001)

Social Organization, Reproduction and Rearing Strategies of Callimico goeldii: New Clues from the Wild

Porter L.M.
To view the fulltext, log in and/or choose pay-per-view option

Individual Users: Register with Karger Login Information

Please create your User ID & Password





Contact Information











I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree.

To view the fulltext, please log in

To view the pdf, please log in

Abstract

The callitrichines are a specialized radiation of primates that are characterized in part by variable social systems and cooperative infant care. Callimico goeldii, unlike the other callitrichines, have single rather than twin offspring, reducing the need for allocare and permitting synchronous breeding within groups. Low mortality rates among offspring and unstable social groups are suggested to be possible factors that have led to single births among C. goeldii. Single offspring may benefit from greater maternal investment and more frequent food sharing than twin offspring, factors that may help to explain why C. goeldii reaches sexual maturity more rapidly than other callitrichines. In addition, increased breeding opportunities for young C. goeldii females may have selected for rapid maturation rates among this species. Postpartum ovulation and aseasonal resource availability appear to permit females to have biannual birth seasons, further increasing the potential reproductive output.



Copyright / Drug Dosage

Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

References

  1. Sussman R, Kinzey W: The ecological role of the Callitrichidae: A review. Am J Phys Anthropol 1984;64:419–449.
  2. Sussman R, Garber P: A new interpretation of the social organization and mating system of the Callitirichidae. Int J Primatol 1987;8:73–92.
  3. Rosenberger A: Systematics: The higher taxa; in Coimbra-Filho A, Mittermeier R (eds): Ecology and Behavior of Neotropical Primates. Rio de Janeiro, Acadamia Brasileira da Ciencias, 1981, vol 1, pp 9–27.
  4. Garber P: Feeding ecology and behavior of the genus Saguinus; in Rylands AB (ed): Marmosets and Tamarins. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1993, pp 273–295.
  5. Ford S: Systematics of the New World monkeys; in Swindler D, Erwin J (eds): Comparative Primate Biology. New York, Liss, 1986, vol 1: Systematics, Evolution and Anatomy, pp 73–135.
  6. Caine N: Flexibility and co-operation as unifying themes in Saguinus social organization and behaviour: The role of predation pressure; in Rylands A (ed): Marmosets and Tamarins. New York, Oxford University Press, 1993, pp 200–219.
  7. Garber PA: Phylogenetic approach to the study of tamarin and marmoset social systems. Am J Primatol 1994;34:199–219.
  8. Goldizen AW: A comparative perspective on the evolution of tamarin and marmoset social systems. Int J Primatol 1990;11:63–83.
  9. Goldizen A, Mendelson J, van Vlaardingen M, Terborgh J: Saddle-back tamarin (Saguinus fuscicollis) reproductive strategies: Evidence from a 13-year study of a marked population. Am J Primatol 1996;38:57–83.
  10. Ferrari S: Ecological differentiation in the Callitrichidae; in Rylands AB (ed): Marmosets and Tamarins. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1993, pp 314–328.
  11. Tardif S, Harrison M, Simek M: Communal infant care in marmosets and tamarins: Relation to energetics, ecology, and social organization; in Rylands A (ed): Marmosets and Tamarins. New York, Oxford University Press, 1993, pp 220–234.
  12. Ferrari S, Lopes Ferrari M: A re-evaluation of the social organization of the Callitrichidae, with reference to the ecological differences between genera. Folia Primatol 1989;52:132–147.

    External Resources

  13. Terborgh J, Goldizen A: On the mating system of the cooperatively breeding saddle-backed tamarin (Saguinus fuscicollis). Behav Ecol Sociobiol 1985;16:293–299.
  14. Altmann J, Warneke M, Ramer J: Twinning among Callimico goeldii. Int J Primatol 1988;9:165–168.
  15. Martin RD: Göldi and the dwarfs: The evolutionary biology of the small New World monkeys. J Hum Evol 1992;22:367–393.
  16. Harada M, Schneider H, Schneider M, Sampaio I, Czelusniak J, Goodman M: DNA evidence on the phylogenetic systematics of New World monkeys: Support for the sister-grouping of Cebus and Saimiri from two unlinked nuclear genes. Mol Phylogenet Evol 1995;4:331–349.
  17. Horovitz I, Meyer A: Systematics of New World monkeys (Platyrrhini, Primates) based on 16S mitochondrial DNA sequences: A comparative analysis of different weighting methods in cladistic analysis. Mol Phylogenet Evol 1995;4:448–456.
  18. Pastorini J, Forstner MR, Martin R, Melnick D: A reexamination of the phylogenetic position of Callimico (Primates) incorporation new mitochondrial DNA sequence data. J Mol Evol 1998;47:32–41.

    External Resources

  19. Schneider H, Rosenberger A: Molecules, morphology and platyrrhine systematics; in Norconck M, Rosenberger A, Garber P (eds): Adaptive Radiation of Neotropical Primates. New York, Plenum Press, 1996, pp 3–17.
  20. Pook AG, Pook G: A field study of the socio-ecology of the Goeldi’s monkey (Callimico goeldii) in northern Bolivia. Folia Primatol 1981;35:288–312.
  21. Masataka N: A Field Study of the Social Behavior of Goeldi’s Monkeys (Callimico goeldii) in North Bolivia. I. Group Composition, Breeding Cycle, and Infant Development. Kyoto University Overseas Research Reports of New World Monkeys. Kyoto, Kyoto University, vol 2, 1981.
  22. Christen A, Geissmann T: A primate survey in northern Bolivia, with special reference to Goeldi’s monkey, Callimico goeldii. Int J Primatol 1994;15:239–273.
  23. Christen A: The most enigmatic monkey in the Bolivian rain-forest – Callimico goeldii. Neotropical Primates 1998;6:35–37.
  24. Christen A: Survey of Goeldi’s monkeys (Callimico goeldii) in northern Bolivia. Folia Primatol 1999;70:107–111.
  25. Buchanan-Smith H: Field observations of Goeldi’s monkey, Callimico goeldii, in northern Bolivia. Folia Primatol 1991;57:102–105.

    External Resources

  26. Carroll J: The stability of multifemale groups of Goeldi’s monkey, Callimico goeldii, in captivity. Dodo 1988;25:37–43.
  27. Beck B, Anderson D, Ogden J, Rettberg B, Brejla C, Scola R, Warneke M: Breeding Goeldi’s monkey at Brookfield Zoo, Chicago. Int Zoo Yearb 1982;22:106–114.
  28. Encarnacion F, Heymann EW: Body mass of wild Callimico goeldii. Folia Primatol 1998;69:368–371.
  29. Porter L: Dietary differences among sympatric callitrichines in northern Bolivia: Callimico goeldii, Saguinus fuscicollis and Saguinus labiatus. Int J Primatol, in press.
  30. Altmann J: Observational study of behavior: Sampling methods. Behaviour 1974;49:227–267.
  31. Jurke M, Pryce C: Parental and infant behavior during early periods of infant care in Goeldi’s monkey, Callimico goeldii. Anim Behav 1994;48:1095–1112.
  32. Buchanan-Smith H, Hardie S, Prescott M, Stronge J, Challis M: Callitrichids at the Belfast Zoo, North Ireland. Neotropical Primates 1996;4:143–146.
  33. Carroll J: Maintenance of the Goeldi’s monkey at Jersey Wildlife Preservation Trust. Int Zoo Yearb 1982;22:101–105.
  34. Feistner A, Price E: Food offering in New World primates: Two species added. Folia Primatol 1991;57:165–168.
  35. Caroll J: Pair bonding in the Goeldi’s monkey. Dodo J Wildl Preserv Trust 1985;22:57–71.
  36. Heymann E: Social behavior of wild mustached tamarins, Saguinus mystax, at the Estacion Biologica Quebrada Blanco, Peruvian Amazonia. Am J Primatol 1996;38:101–113.
  37. Goldizen A: Facultative polyandry and the role of infant-carrying in wild saddle-backed tamarins (Saguinus fuscicollis). Behav Ecol Sociobiol 1987;20:99–109.
  38. Dietz J, Baker A, Miglioretti D: Seasonal variation in reproduction, juvenile growth, and adult body mass in golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia). Am J Primatol 1994;34:115–132.
  39. Garber P: One for all and breeding for one: Cooperation and competition as a tamarin reproductive strategy. Evol Anthropol 1997;5:187–199.

    External Resources

  40. Garber P, Moya L, Malaga C: A preliminary study of the moustached tamarin monkey (Saguinus mystax) in northeastern Peru: Questions concerned with the evolution of a communal breeding system. Folia Primatol 1984;42:17–32.
  41. Sanchez S, Pelaes F, Gil-Burmann C, Kaumanns W: Costs of infant-carrying in the cotton-top tamarin. Am J Primatol 1999;48:99–111.
  42. Tardif S: Relative energetic costs of infant care in small-bodied Neotropical primates and its relation to infant-care patterns. Am J Primatol 1994;34:133–143.
  43. Koenig A: Group size, composition, and reproductive success in wild common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus). Am J Primatol 1995;35:311–317.
  44. Heymann E, Soini P: Offspring number in pygmy marmosets, Cebuella pygmaea, in relation to group size and the number of adult males. Behav Ecol Sociobiol 1999;46:400–404.
  45. Hartwig W: Perinatal life history traits in New World monkeys. Am J Primatol 1996;40:99–130.
  46. Ross C: Life history patterns of New World monkeys. Int J Primatol 1991;12:481–502.
  47. Abbott D, Barrett J, George L: Comparative aspects of the social suppression of reproduction in female marmosets and tamarins; in Rylands AB (ed): Marmosets and Tamarins. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1993, pp 152–163.
  48. Garber P, Encarnacion F, Moya L, Pruetz J: Demographic and reproductive patterns in moustached tamarin monkeys (Saguinus mystax): Implications of reconstructing platyrrhine mating systems. Am J Primatol 1993;29:235–254.
  49. Digby L: Infant care, infanticide, and female reproductive strategies in polygynous groups of common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus). Behav Ecol Sociobiol 1995;37:51–61.
  50. Goldizen A, Terborgh J: Demography and dispersal patterns of a tamarin population: Possible causes of delayed breeding. Am Nat 1989;134:208–224.
  51. Dietling A, Pryce C: Hormonal monitoring of age at sexual maturation in female Goeldi’s monkeys (Callimico goeldii) in their family groups. Am J Primatol 1999;48:77–83.
  52. Hardie S: Do subordinate female Callimico disperse from their social groups? Folia Primatol 1995;64:192–195.
  53. Souza de Oliviera M, Araujo Lopes F, Alonso C, Yamamoto M: The mother’s participation in infant carrying in captive groups of Leontopithecus chrysomelas and Callithrix jacchus. Folia Primatol 1999;70:146–153.
  54. Yamamoto M: From dependence to sexual maturity: The behavioral ontogeny of Callitrichidae; in Rylands A (ed): Marmosets and Tamarins: Systematics, Behaviour and Ecology. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993, pp 235–254.
  55. Garber P, Leigh S: Ontogenetic variation in small-bodied New World primates: Implications for patterns of reproduction and infant care. Folia Primatol 1997;68:1–22.
  56. Ziegler T, Snowdon C, Warneke M: Postpartum ovulation and conception in Goeldi’s monkey, Callimico goeldii. Folia Primatol 1989;52:206–210.

    External Resources

  57. Jurke M, Pryce C, Hug-Hodel A, Dobeli M: An investigation into the socioendocrinology of infant care and postpartum fertility in Goeldi’s monkey (Callimico goeldii). Int J Primatol 1995;16:453–474.
  58. Boinski S: Birth synchrony in squirrel monkeys (Saimiri oerstedi). Behav Ecol Sociobiol 1987;21:393–400.
  59. Wright P: Biparental care in Aotus trivirgatus and Callicebus moloch; in Small M (ed): Female Primates: Studies by Women Primatologists. New York, Liss, 1984, pp 59–75.
  60. Kleiman D: Characteristics of reproduction and sociosexual interactions in pairs of lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia) during the reproductive cycle; in Kleiman D (ed): Biology and Conservation of the Callitrichidae. Washington, Smithsonian Institution Press, 1978, pp 181–190.
  61. Goldizen A, Terborgh J, Cornejo F, Porras D, Evans R: Seasonal food shortage, weight loss, and the timing of births in saddle-back tamarins (Saguinus fuscicollis). J Animal Ecol 1988;57:893–901.
  62. Di Bitetti M, Janson C: When will the stork arrive? Patterns of birth seasonality in Neotropical primates. Am J Primatol 2000;50:109–130.
  63. Stearns SC: The influence of size and phylogeny on patterns of covariation among life-history traits in the mammals. Oikos 1983;41:173–187.
  64. Oerke A-K, Martin R, Hodges J: Ultrasonography in Goeldi’s monkey (Callimico goeldii): Reproductive data with evolutionary significance (abstract). Folia Primatol 2000;71:204.
  65. Promislow D, Harvey P: Living fast and dying young: A comparative analysis of life-history variation among mammals. J Zool Lond 1990;220:417–437.
  66. Hanson A: Habitat use in relation to diet, with particular emphasis on mycophagy by Callimico goeldii in Pando, Bolivia. Master’s thesis, State University of New York at Stony Brook, 2000.
  67. Digby L: Sexual behavior and extragroup copulations in a wild population of common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus). Folia Primatol 1999;70:136–145.
  68. Dietz J, Baker A: Polygyny and female reproductive success in golden lion tamarins, Leontopithecus rosalia. Anim Behav 1993;46:1067–1078.
  69. Kleiman DG: Characterisitics of reproduction and sociosexual interactions in pairs of lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia) during the reproductive cycle; in Kleiman DG (ed): The Biology and Conservation of the Callitrichidae. Washington, Smithsonian Institute Press, 1977, pp 181–190.
  70. Soini P: Sociosexual behavior of a free-ranging Cebuella pygmaea (Callitrichidae, Paltyrrhini) troop during postpartum estrus of its reproductive female. Am J Primatol 1987;13:223–230.
  71. Fragaszy D, Baer J, Adams-Curtis L: Behavioral development and maternal care in tufted capuchins (Cebus apella) and squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) from birth through seven months. Dev Psychobiol 1991;24:375–393.


Pay-per-View Options
Direct payment This item at the regular price: USD 38.00
Payment from account With a Karger Pay-per-View account (down payment USD 150) you profit from a special rate for this and other single items.
This item at the discounted price: USD 26.50