Average Volume of Alcohol Consumption, Drinking Patterns and Related Burden of Mortality in Young People in Established Market Economies of EuropeRehm J. · Gmel G. · Room R. · Frick U.
aAddiction Research Institute, Zürich, Switzerland; bCentre for Addictions and Mental Health, Toronto, Ont., and cDepartment of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, Ont., Canada; dSwiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Other Drug Problems, Lausanne, Switzerland; eStockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden, and fUniversity of Regensburg, Germany
Objective: To determine the burden of mortality in young people (age 15–29) in established market economies in Europe in 1999, which is attributable to alcohol consumption. Two dimensions of alcohol consumption were considered: average volume of consumption, and patterns of drinking. Methods: Mortality data were obtained from the WHO EIP data bank, average volume data from the WHO global databank on alcohol, pattern of drinking data from a questionnaire sent out to experts, from the published literature and from the WHO global databank. Methods are explained and discussed in detail in two other contributions to this volume. Results: More than 8,000 deaths of people aged 15–29 in Europe in 1999 were attributable to alcohol. Young males show a higher proportion of alcohol-attributable deaths (12.8%) than females (8.3%). Both average volume and patterns of drinking contribute to alcohol-related death. Conclusions: Alcohol-related deaths constitute a considerable burden in young people in Europe.
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