Clinical Experience with Different Techniques of Pancreatic Head Resection for Chronic Pancreatitis / with Invited CommentaryKelemen D. · Horváth Ö.P.
Background/Aims: Recently organ-saving procedures have become popular in the treatment of chronic pancreatitis with head enlargement. The purpose of this study is to compare the results of three different procedures. Methods: Between 1991 and 1998, 32 Beger operations, 13 Frey procedures and 21 pylorus-preserving pancreatoduodenectomies (PPPDs) were performed. The pre-, intra- and postoperative data were detailed. During the follow-up examination the quality of life, body weight, consumption of alcohol and enzymes, as well as the carbohydrate metabolism were checked. Results: Considering the operative and late mortality and reoperation rate, there was no difference between the procedures. The postoperative hospitalization time was the shortest after the duodenum-preserving pancreatic head resections (Beger and Frey). While the rate of early morbidity was higher after PPPDs, there was no difference in late morbidity between the groups. The condition of the patients was better and the development rate of diabetes was lower after the Beger procedure than after PPPDs. Conclusion: Consequently duodenum-preserving pancreatic head resections seem to be more advantageous than PPPD. Nevertheless the latter operation is the only possibility in some situations.
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