Compulsory Substance Abuse Treatment: An Overview of Recent Findings and IssuesWild T.C. · Roberts A.B. · Cooper E.L.
aCentre for Health Promotion Studies and Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Alberta, and bAddiction and Mental Health Research Laboratory, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
An overview of research trends and issues in the area of compulsory substance abuse treatment is presented, using a sample of 170 English-language articles obtained from a search of 4 databases (Medline, PubMed, Embase, PsychINFO, supplemented by a manual search). About half (51%) of these articles were non-empirical (i.e. literature reviews, policy proposals, legal and ethical commentaries on compulsory treatment). A subsample of empirical studies published since 1988 (n = 71) was coded to summarize research trends in relation to 3 key issues: (1) how compulsory treatment was studied (country of origin; type of compulsory treatment; treatment population), (2) the evidence base for judging effectiveness of compulsory treatment (research design; sampling; type, timing and results of outcome measures), and (3) the relationship between compulsory treatment and coercion (measurement strategies). Directions for future research are discussed.
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