Journal Mobile Options
Table of Contents
Vol. 69, Suppl. 1, 1998
Issue release date: April 1998
Folia Primatol 1998;69(suppl 1):379–388

‘Little Brown Lemurs’ of Northern Madagascar

Phylogeny and Ecological Role in Resource Partitioning

Tattersall I. · W. Sussman R.
aAmerican Museum of Natural History, New York, N.Y., bWashington University, St. Louis, Mo., USA

Individual Users: Register with Karger Login Information

Please create your User ID & Password

Contact Information

I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree.

To view the fulltext, please log in

To view the pdf, please log in


The species and subspecies of Eulemur in Madagascar are in some ways equivalent to the nondescript bird species dismissed by ornithologists as ‘little brown jobs’ (LBJs), and have correspondingly attracted relatively little attention from primatologists. Yet they are diverse, widely distributed, and fill a variety of ecological roles. We review what is known of these lemurs, and conclude that small but significant behavioral differences exist among them, particularly in the way in which they partition available resources. Because they exhibit both sympatric and allopatric distributions, these primates provide an ideal model for investigating the influences of ecological role vs. phylogeny in determining patterns of habitat use within local populations.

Copyright / Drug Dosage

Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.


  1. Sussman RW: The Ecology and Social Behavior of Free-Ranging Primates. New York, McGraw Hill, in press.
  2. Tattersall I: Systematic versus ecological diversity: The example of the Malagasy primates; in Eldredge N (ed): Systematics, Ecology, and the Biodiversity Crisis. New York, Columbia University Press, 1992, pp 25–39.
  3. Tattersall I, Schwartz JH: Phylogeny and nomenclature in the Lemur-group of Malagasy strepsirhine primates. Anthrop Pap Am Mus Nat Hist 1991;69:1–18.
  4. Harrington JE: Field observations of social behavior of Lemur fulvus fulvus E Geoffroy 1812; in Tattersall I, Sussman RW (eds): Lemur Biology. New York, Plenum Press, 1975, pp 259–279.
  5. Harrington JE: Diurnal behavior of Lemur mongoz at Ampijoroa, Madagascar. Folia Primatol 1987;29: 291–302.
  6. Andriatsarafara FR: Notes sur les rythmes d’activité et sur le régime alimentaire de Lemur mongoz Linnaeus, 1766 à Ampijoroa; in Rakotovao L, Barre V, Sayer J (eds): L’Equilibre des Ecosystèmes Forestiers à Madagascar: Actes d’un Séminaire International. Gland, IUCN, 1985, pp 103–106.
  7. Tattersall I: Patterns of activity in the Mayotte lemur, Lemur fulvus mayottensis. J Mammal 1979;60:314–323.
  8. Tattersall I: The Primates of Madagascar. New York, Columbia University Press, 1982, p 382.
  9. Sussman RW: Ecological distinctions in sympatric species of Lemur; in Martin RD, Doyle GA, Walker AC (eds): Prosimian Biology. London, Duckworth, 1974, pp 75–108.
  10. Sussman, RW: A preliminary study of the behavior and ecology of Lemur fulvus rufus Audebert; in Tattersall I, Sussman RW (eds): Lemur Biology. New York, Plenum Press, 1975, pp 237–258.
  11. a) Tattersall I: Cathemeral activity in primates: A definition. Folia Primatol 1987;49:200–202. 11 b) Andrews JR, Birkinshaw CR: A comparison between the daytime and night-time diet, activity and feeding height of the black lemur, Eulemur macaco (Primates: Lemuridae), in Lokobe Forest, Madagascar. Folia Primatol 1998;69(suppl 1): 175–182. 11 c) Colquhoun IC: Cathemeral behavior of Eulemur macaco macaco at Ambato Massif, Madagascar. Folia Primatol 1998;69(suppl 1):22–34.
  12. Conley JM: Notes on the activity pattern of Lemur fulvus. J Mammal 1975;56:712–715.
  13. Sussman RW: An Ecological Study of Two Madagascan Primates: Lemur fulvus rufus Audebert and Lemur catta Linnaeus; PhD thesis, Duke University, 1972.
  14. Meyers D: Behavioral ecology of Lemur fulvus rufus in rain forest in Madagascar. Am J Phys Anthrop 1988;75:250.
  15. Overdorff DJ: Ecological Correlates to Social Structure in Two Prosimian Primates: Eulemur fulvus rufus and Eulemur rubriventer in Madagascar; PhD thesis, Duke University, 1991.
  16. Tattersall I, Sussman RW: Observations on the ecology and behavior of the mongoose lemur Lemur mongoz mongoz (Primates, Lemuriformes) at Ampijoroa, Madagascar. Anthrop Pap Am Mus Nat Hist 1975;52: 195–216.
  17. Tattersall I: Group structure and activity rhythm in Lemur mongoz (Primates, Lemuriformes) on Anjouan and Mohéli islands, Comoro Archipelago. Anthrop Pap Am Mus Nat Hist 1976;53:369–380.
  18. Tattersall I: Behavioral variation in Lemur mongoz (= Lemur mongoz mongoz); in Chivers DJ, Joysey KA (eds): Recent Advances in Primatology. London, Academic Press, 1978, pp 127–132.
  19. Andrews JR: A Preliminary Survey of Black Lemurs, Lemur macaco in Northwest Madagascar, 1990, unpublished.
  20. Andrews JR: The Ecology and Conservation of the Black Lemur, Eulemur macaco; PhD thesis, Washington University in St Louis, 1996.
  21. Colquhoun IC: The Socioecology of the Black Lemur: Eulemur macaco; PhD thesis, Washington University in St Louis, 1995.
  22. Colquhoun IC: The socioecology of Eulemur macaco: A preliminary report; in Kappeler PM, Ganzhorn JU (eds): Lemur Social Systems and Their Ecological Basis. New York, Plenum Press, 1993, pp 11–23.
  23. Rand AL: On the habits of some Madagascar mammals. J Mammal 1935;16:89–104.
  24. Arbelot-Tracqui V: Etude éco-éthologique de deux primates prosimiens: Lemur coronatus Gray et Lemur fulvus sanfordi Archbold; thèse, Rennes, 1983.
  25. Petter JJ, Albignac R, Rumpler Y: Faune de Madagascar 44: Mammifères lémuriens (primates prosimiens). Paris, ORSTOM/CNRS.
  26. Wilson JM, Stewart PD, Ramangason G-S, Denning AM, Hutchings MS: Ecology and conservation of the crowned lemur, Lemur coronatus, at Ankarana, northern Madagascar. Folia Primatol 1989;52:1–26.

    External Resources

  27. Freed BZ: A Comparative Ecological Study of Two Sympatric Species of Primates, Lemur coronatus and Lemur fulvus sanfordi, in northern Madagascar; PhD thesis, Washington University, 1995.
  28. Meyers D, Absher R: Biogeography of Eulemur fulvus, 1994, unpublished.

Pay-per-View Options
Direct payment This item at the regular price: USD 38.00
Payment from account With a Karger Pay-per-View account (down payment USD 150) you profit from a special rate for this and other single items.
This item at the discounted price: USD 26.50