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Table of Contents
Vol. 16, No. 2, 2001
Issue release date: March–April 2001
Section title: Paper
Fetal Diagn Ther 2001;16:105–110
(DOI:10.1159/000053891)

Outcome of Fetal Cystic Hygroma and Experience of Intrauterine Treatment

Ogita K. · Suita S. · Taguchi T. · Yamanouchi T. · Masumoto K. · Tsukimori K. · Nakano H.
Departments of aPediatric Surgery and bObstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Kyushu University, and cMaternity and Perinatal Care Unit, Kyushu University Hospital, Fukuoka, Japan

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Paper

Published online: 2/16/2001

Number of Print Pages: 6
Number of Figures: 5
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 1015-3837 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9964 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/FDT

Abstract

Objective: To review our cases of fetal cystic hygroma and to examine the prognostic factors with the goal of establishing criteria for the intrauterine treatment for cystic hygroma. Patients and Methods: Thirty-one cases of fetal cystic hygroma were managed by us from January 1988 to December 1997, and 21 cases were available for analysis. Three prognostic factors, namely chromosomal abnormality, structural anomaly and hydrops fetalis, were evaluated. We treated 2 cases of cystic hygroma associated with hydrops fetalis in utero using OK-432 injection under ultrasound guidance. Results: The fetuses without any of the prognostic factors listed above showed a good prognosis throughout the fetal and neonatal periods. However, in this group, 2 infants with large tumors died of hemorrhage from the tumor at 6 months and 3 years of age, respectively. Cases with hydrops fetalis without chromosomal abnormalities or structural anomalies (5 cases) resulted in either intrauterine fetal death (IUFD, 2 cases) or early perinatal neonatal death (early PND, 3 cases). The cause of early PND was circulatory failure. Most of the hydrops cases with either a chromosomal abnormality or structural anomaly resulted in IUFD before 22 weeks of gestation. The size of the cyst decreased in 1 of 2 cases treated in utero. Conclusions: The fetal cases of cystic hygroma showing hydrops fetalis without chromosomal abnormalities or structural anomalies are considered to be possible candidates for intrauterine therapy. Those with very large cystic hygroma without any of the three prognostic factors are also thought to be candidates for fetal treatment. Based on our clinical experience, sclerotherapy using OK-432 is considered to be a treatment option in selected cases with fetal cystic hygroma.


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Paper

Published online: 2/16/2001

Number of Print Pages: 6
Number of Figures: 5
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 1015-3837 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9964 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/FDT


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Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

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