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Vol. 2, No. 2, 2002
Issue release date: 2002
Section title: Original Paper
Pancreatology 2002;2:104–107
(DOI:10.1159/000055899)

Can Fluid Resuscitation Prevent Pancreatic Necrosis in Severe Acute Pancreatitis?

Brown A. · Baillargeon J.D. · Hughes M.D. · Banks P.A.
aCenter for Pancreatic Disease, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, and bDepartment of Biostatistics, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass., USA

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Published online: 4/24/2002

Number of Print Pages: 4
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 4

ISSN: 1424-3903 (Print)
eISSN: 1424-3911 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/PAN

Abstract

Background/Aims: In previous studies, we have demonstrated that hemoconcentration was an early marker for necrotizing pancreatitis.The aim of the present study was to determine whether fluid resuscitation could prevent pancreatic necrosis among patients with hemoconcentration at the time of admission. Methods: Data was pooled from the prior two studies of all patients with necrotizing pancreatitis and interstitial pancreatitis with a hematocrit of ≧44 on admission. Hematocrit values in necrotizing pancreatitis and interstitial pancreatitis were compared at admission and at 24 h. Statistical analyses were performed using the Wilcoxon rank-sum test. Results: A total of 39 patients satisfied our inclusion criteria, 28 with necrotizing pancreatitis and 11 with interstitial pancreatitis. Patients with necrotizing pancreatitis presented earlier than patients with interstitial pancreatitis (median 18 vs. 38 h, respectively) (p = 0.005). There was no significant difference between the intergroup median hematocrits on admission and at 24 h. All patients with hematocrits that failed to decrease at 24 h developed necrotizing pancreatitis (12/28 with necrotizing pancreatitis vs. 0/11 with interstitial pancreatitis) (p = 0.009). There was no significant difference at 24 h in rehydration among the three groups: 4.0 liters among the 12 patients with necrotizing pancreatitis whose hematocrits increased and 4.5 liters among the 16 whose hematocrits decreased at 24 h, and 4.1 liters among the 11 patients with interstitial pancreatitis (p = 0.81). Conclusion: Patients who presented early were more likely to have necrotizing pancreatitis than interstitial pancreatitis. While fluid resuscitation was not shown to prevent pancreatic necrosis, all patients with inadequate fluid resuscitation as evidenced by persistence of hemoconcentration at 24 h developed necrotizing pancreatitis.


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Published online: 4/24/2002

Number of Print Pages: 4
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 4

ISSN: 1424-3903 (Print)
eISSN: 1424-3911 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/PAN


Copyright / Drug Dosage

Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

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    External Resources

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