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General State of Health and Psychological Well-Being in Patients after Surgery for Urological Malignant Neoplasms

Ficarra V. · Righetti R. · D’Amico A. · Pilloni S. · Balzarro M. · Schiavone D. · Malossini G. · Mobilio G.
Department of Urology, University of Verona, Italy Urol Int 2000;65:130–134 (DOI:10.1159/000064857)


Objective: To evaluate the general state of health and the psychological well-being in a group of 155 patients after surgery for urological malignant neoplasms. Materials and Methods: Surgery was performed in 55 patients for renal cell carcinoma, in 54 for invasive bladder carcinoma, in 30 for adenocarcinoma of the prostate, and in 16 for squamous penile carcinoma. All patients were invited to self-compile the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) – 12 items according to Goldberg and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Results were compared with those in a group of patients who underwent retropubic prostatectomy for benign prostatic hyperplasia. Results and Conclusion: The general state of health was significantly more impaired in neoplastic patients than in the control group. Levels of anxiety were significantly higher but depression levels were similar in both groups. As far as the type of tumor is concerned, patients who underwent radical cystectomy for bladder carcinoma and those treated with partial penectomy for squamous penile carcinoma showed a significant impairment of the general state of health compared with controls. Higher levels of anxiety were observed in patients who underwent ileal conduit after radical cystectomy, in those treated with radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer and in those who underwent partial penectomy. Significantly higher levels of depression than in the control group were observed only in patients with ileal conduit.


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