Table of Contents
To view the fulltext, log-in or choose pay-per-view options:
Get Access

Superficial Acral Fibromyxoma: Report of Two Cases

Kazakov D.V.a · Mentzel T.b · Burg G.a · Kempf W.a
aDepartment of Dermatology, University Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland; bDermatopathologisches Gemeinschaftslabor, Friedrichshafen, Deutschland Dermatology 2002;205:285–288 (DOI:10.1159/000065853)

Abstract

Superficial acral fibromyxoma (SAFM) is a rare soft tissue tumor that has recently been delineated as a separate entity. We report 2 cases of SAFM and discuss its pathological features and differential diagnosis. Both patients had lesions on the toe. In 1 patient, the tumor was found after nail extraction, which had been performed for the treatment of onychomycosis, whereas in the other patient the tumor itself was the reason for seeking dermatological assistance. Biopsies from both cases demonstrated similar features. There was a moderately circumscribed, non-encapsulated tumor extending through the whole dermis. The neoplasm was composed of spindle and stellate cells with slight nuclear atypia arranged in a loose storiform, partly fascicular growth pattern. In 1 case, strands of cells with rather wavy nuclei were seen at the periphery of the tumor. Mitotic figures were scarce. The neoplastic cells were embedded in a myxoid stroma with increased numbers of small blood vessels and scattered mast cells. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells showed weak focal positivity for CD34 and stained negatively for S-100 protein and α-smooth muscle actin. In 1 case epithelial membrane antigen (EMA) was negative, whereas in the second case focal expression of EMA by neoplastic cells was seen. Alcian blue staining revealed abundant mucinous material within the stroma. In conclusion, SAFM represents a distinct entity in the spectrum of cutaneous myxoid tumors. The differential diagnosis of SAFM includes various myxoid neoplasms and tumors with a predilection for distal parts of the extremities.

 

Individual Users: Register with Karger Login Information

Please create your User ID & Password





Contact Information











I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree.


Pay-per-View Options
Direct payment This item at the regular price: USD 33.00
Payment from account With a Karger Pay-per-View account (down payment USD 150) you profit from a special rate for this and other single items.
This item at the discounted price: USD 23.00