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Vol. 55, No. 2, 2003
Issue release date: April 2003
Section title: Original Paper
Gynecol Obstet Invest 2003;55:110–113
(DOI:10.1159/000070184)

Surface Area of the Human Vagina as Measured from Vinyl Polysiloxane Casts

Pendergrass P.B. · Belovicz M.W. · Reeves C.A.
Department of Biological Sciences, Arkansas Tech University, Russellville, Ark., USA

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: 9/23/2002
Accepted: 2/11/2003
Published online: 6/6/2003

Number of Print Pages: 4
Number of Figures: 1
Number of Tables: 2

ISSN: 0378-7346 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-002X (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/GOI

Abstract

Sixty-two vinyl polysiloxane casts from subjects in the lying, supine position were measured for surface area with five shapes: conical, parallel sides, heart, slug, and pumpkin seed being included. The surface areas ranged from 65.73 to 107.07 cm2 with a mean of 87.46 cm2 and a standard deviation of 7.80 cm2. There were no significant differences in surface area among the shape groups. And no correlations with surface area were found by parity or by rod length, introital diameter, posterior length of casts as measured with string, or greatest width and greatest depth of casts. 70% of the casts had a surface area of 84.50 cm2 or above, and 90% had a surface area of 77.72 cm2 or above. Variation within the interquartile range (75th to 25th percentile) was ±5.2% of the median.


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: 9/23/2002
Accepted: 2/11/2003
Published online: 6/6/2003

Number of Print Pages: 4
Number of Figures: 1
Number of Tables: 2

ISSN: 0378-7346 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-002X (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/GOI


Copyright / Drug Dosage

Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

References

  1. Pendergrass P, Reeves C, Belovicz M, Moulter D, White J: The shape and dimensions of the human vagina as seen in three-dimensional vinyl polysiloxane casts. Gynecol Obstet Invest 1996;42:178–182.
  2. Pendergrass P, Reeves C, Belovicz M, Moulter D, White J: Comparison of vaginal shapes in Afro-American, Caucasian and Hispanic women as seen with vinyl polysiloxane casting. Gynecol Obstet Invest 2000;50:54–59.
  3. Phillips D, Maguire R: The development of microbicides for clinical use to prevent sexually transmitted diseases. Curr Infect Dis Rep 2002;4:135–140.
  4. Simoes J, Citron D, Aroutcheva A, Anderson R Jr, Chany C 2nd, Waller D, Faro S, Zaneveld L: Two novel microbicides (polystyrene sulfonate and cellulose sulfate) inhibit Gardnerella vaginalis and anaerobes commonly associated with bacterial vaginosis. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2002;46:2692–2695.
  5. Forbes A, Heise L: What’s up with nonoxynol-9? Reprod Health Matters 2000;8:156–159.
  6. Fichorova R, Tucker L, Anderson D: The molecular basis of nonoxynol-9-induced vaginal inflammation and its possible relevance to human immunodeficiency virus type 1 transmission. J Infect Dis 2001;184:418–428.