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Vol. 49, No. 4, 2003
Issue release date: May 2003
Eur Neurol 2003;49:218–222

Glutathione S-Transferase Polymorphisms: Susceptibility to Migraine without Aura

Kusumi M. · Ishizaki K. · Kowa H. · Adachi Y. · Takeshima T. · Sakai F. · Nakashima K.
aDepartment of Neurology, Institute of Neurological Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University, Yonago, and bDepartment of Neurology, Kitasato University, Sagamihara, Japan

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Migraine is considered to be a polygenic multifactorial disease with various environmental and genetic etiologies. We investigated glutathione S-transferase (GST) P1 Ile105Val, T1 and M1 polymorphisms in 174 Japanese headache sufferers and 372 Japanese controls. The headache group consisted of 38 cases of migraine with aura, 95 migraine without aura (MWOA) and 41 tension-type headache sufferers. The M1 homozygous deletion genotype was significantly higher in MWOA (64%) compared with controls (46%; p < 0.01; odds ratio = 2.18, 95% confidence interval: 1.32–3.61, adjusted for age and gender). In a comparison of the current smokers, the M1 null frequencies in MWOA were further increased. GSTM1 may be one of the genetic risk factors for MWOA in the Japanese population.

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