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Table of Contents
Vol. 48, No. 2, 2004
Issue release date: March–April 2004
Section title: Review
Ann Nutr Metab 2004;48:61–66
(DOI:10.1159/000075591)

Influence of Trans Fatty Acids on Health

Stender S. · Dyerberg J.
Danish Nutrition Council,aDepartment of Clinical Biochemistry, Gentofte Hospital, University of Copenhagen, and bInstitute of Human Nutrition, Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Frederiksberg, Denmark

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Review

Received: 3/5/2003
Accepted: 6/10/2003
Published online: 4/21/2004

Number of Print Pages: 6
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 0250-6807 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9697 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/ANM

Abstract

The contribution of dietary trans fatty acids (TFAs) on the risk of ischemic heart disease (IHD) has recently gained further support due to the results from large, prospective, population-based studies. Compared to saturated fat, TFAs are, gram to gram, associated with a considerably (2.5- to >10-fold) higher risk increment for IHD. A negative effect on the human fetus and on newborns and an increase in colon cancer risk in adults are possible but, however, still equivocal. Recent findings justify further studies concerning the effect of TFAs on allergic diseases in children and on the risk of type-2 diabetes in adults. The intake of industrially produced TFAs in European countries is decreasing. However, determination of the TFA content in various popular food items collected in Danish shops showed that it is likely that persons with a frequent intake of, e.g., French fries, microwave oven popcorn, chocolate bars, fast food, etc., consume industrially produced TFAs in amounts far exceeding the average intake, and are thereby exposed to an unnecessary health risk. The Danish government has decided that oils and fats containing more than 2% industrially produced TFAs will not be sold in Denmark after the January 1, 2004.


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Review

Received: 3/5/2003
Accepted: 6/10/2003
Published online: 4/21/2004

Number of Print Pages: 6
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 0250-6807 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9697 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/ANM


Copyright / Drug Dosage

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Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
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