Sensitive Flow Cytometric Method to Test Basophil Activation Influenced by Homeopathic Histamine DilutionsLorenz I. · Schneider E.M. · Stolz P. · Brack A. · Strube J.
aForschungsinstitut KWALIS gGmbH, Dipperz; bSektion Experimentelle Anaesthesiologie, Universitätsklinikum Ulm
Objective: In an experimental setting, human basophil degranulation was triggered by anti-IgE to measure the effects from homeopathic solutions in an in-vitro cell system. A 3-color flow cytometric method with enhanced accuracy was established. As an example we looked at the influence of histamine on anti-IgE activation of basophils. Methods: Basophils were identified in the flow cytometer by their physical properties in the forward and side scatter light depiction and by gating on CD2–, CD14–, CD16–, CD19–, HLA-DR– negative and CD123-positive cells. CD63 expression on the cell surface of the anti-IgE-activated basophils served as an activation marker. Results: With this method we were able to study basophil function of the 0.6–3.9% basophils out of the mononuclear blood cell fraction and to document their activation status upon anti-IgE activation. Optimal activation occurs at 0.6 µg/ml final anti-IgE concentration; not less than 10,000 basophils have to be counted per batch to reduce the variation of the measurement. The fixation method was able to stabilize activation for two days. After investigation and reduction of the source of measurement variability, an unequivocally inhibited basophil activation was documented in a partly optimized system with homeopathic dilutions of histamine (10–22M, 10–23M, 10–24M, and 10–25M histamine). Dilutions greater than 10–20M histamine (Avogadro’s number 6.02 × 1023) account for less than 1.36 molecules of histamine in the test sample, indicating a true homeopathic effect. Conclusions: This test system is adequate for studying the effects of highly diluted mediators on basophil activation by anti-IgE. The systematic application of this experimental arrangement is recommended to study the effects of homeopathic dilutions on basophils.
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