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Vol. 6, No. 3, 2003
Issue release date: June 2004
Community Genet 2003;6:147–156

Awareness of Genetic Testing for Increased Cancer Risk in the Year 2000 National Health Interview Survey

Wideroff L. · Thomas Vadaparampil S. · Breen N. · Croyle R.T. · Freedman A.N.
National Cancer Institute, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, Bethesda, Md., USA

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Objectives: This study explores factors associated with differential awareness of genetic tests for increased cancer risk in the US. Methods: 27,405 respondents from the 2000 National Health Interview Survey, ages 25+, were asked if they had heard of these tests. Results: 44.4% said ‘yes’, including 49.9% of whites, 32.9% of African-Americans, 32.3% of American Indians/Alaskan Natives, 28.0% of Asian/Pacific Islanders, and 20.6% of Hispanics. In multivariate analysis, test awareness was significantly associated with higher education, white race, age <60 years, female gender, private health insurance, personal or parent’s history of certain cancers, physical activity, and vitamin/supplement use, among other factors. Conclusions: The survey showed which population subgroups may lack access to cancer genetics information and may therefore benefit from targeted strategies to ensure risk-appropriate utilization of genetic counseling and testing.

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Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
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