The present investigation was conducted in order to determine whether lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) induces itch-scratch responses (ISRs) in mice. Intradermal administration of LPA induces ISRs; furthermore, the time course for LPA-induced ISRs was similar to that for histamine-induced responses. Comparative study of the pruritogenic activity revealed that histamine possessed a potent effect characterized by a dose-response relationship; however, prostaglandin D2 failed to induce this response. Pretreatment with ketotifen, a histamine H1 receptor antagonist, and capsaicin inhibited LPA-induced ISRs. Additionally, LPA-induced ISRs were abolished by Y-27632, an inhibitor of Rho-associated protein kinase (ROCK). These findings suggest that LPA-induced ISRs are attributable to histamine- and substance-P-mediated pathways. Moreover, the Rho/ROCK-mediated pathway may be involved.
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