Cognitive Functioning after Stroke: A One-Year Follow-Up StudyRasquin S. · Lodder J. · Ponds R. · Winkens I. · Jolles J. · Verhey F.R.J.
Departments of aPsychiatry and Neuropsychology and bNeurology, University Hospital Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands
Cognitive disorders after stroke are one of the main causes of disability in daily activities. The main aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of post-stroke dementia, post-stroke mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and post-stroke amnestic MCI at different times after first-ever stroke; 196 patients were included in the study. In addition, cognitive disorders and their clinical course were studied. Frequency of post-stroke dementia was about 10% at all evaluation times; most patients had post-stroke MCI. Of the cognitive functions investigated, mental speed and calculation were most frequently affected. Performance on almost all cognitive tests was improved 6 and 12 months after stroke. Thus, while the frequency of post-stroke dementia is low, the frequency of post-stroke MCI is high, but improvement of cognitive function is possible.
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