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Vol. 43, No. 3, 2000
Issue release date: April 2000
Section title: Original Paper
Eur Neurol 2000;43:133–136
(DOI:10.1159/000008151)

Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Gene Deletion Polymorphism Determines an Increase in Frequency of Migraine Attacks in Patients Suffering from Migraine without Aura

Paterna S. · Di Pasquale P. · D’Angelo A. · Seidita G. · Tuttolomondo A. · Cardinale A. · Maniscalchi T. · Follone G. · Giubilato A. · Tarantello M. · Licata G.
aDepartment of Internal Medicine and bInstitute of Molecular Biology, University of Palermo, and cDivision of Cardiology ‘Paolo Borsellino’, G.F. Ingrassia Hospital, Palermo, Italy

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Published online: 4/5/2000

Number of Print Pages: 4
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 2

ISSN: 0014-3022 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9913 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/ENE

Abstract

Many authors have reported an association between the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)-D allele and coronary heart disease and other cardiovascular diseases. The mechanism underlying the positive associations between the ACE-D alleles and diseases are not yet clear. Previous reports showed an association between migraine without aura and ACE-D allele polymorphism. The study is aimed to evaluate if the DD genotype could also be associated with the frequency and duration of migraine without aura. In 302 patients suffering from migraine without aura (at least for 1 year), with no history of cardiovascular diseases and major risk factors for ischemic events, the genotypes of the ACE gene, plasma ACE activity, and the frequency (weekly) and duration of migraine attacks were evaluated. No drugs were given before (4 weeks) and during the study. The same evaluations were performed in 201 subjects without migraine. The molecular biologist and the physician evaluating the patient data were blinded to the clinical history and ACE-DD gene determination. Genotypes were determined by polymerase chain reaction amplification. Plasma ACE activity was performed by the HPLC method. The groups were similar for sex, age and smoking habit (migraines: 302 patients (200 F/102 M), mean age 37.8 ± 8.2 years; control: 201 subjects (127 F/74 M), mean age 37.5 ± 9.3 years). Patients with migraine without aura showed higher incidence of the ACE-DD gene (48.34%) than control subjects (37.32%), p < 0.05. The frequency of migraine (average attacks per week) was higher in patients with DD (2.11 ± 1.9) than in patients with ID (1.54 ± 1.44), p < 0.05. No difference in duration of migraine attacks (hours per week) was observed. Plasma ACE activity was increased in patients with the ACE-DD gene. Our data suggest that ACE-DD gene polymorphism could have an important role in determining migraine attacks and the frequency of these attacks. Further data are needed through further studies, especially on the biomolecular level.


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Published online: 4/5/2000

Number of Print Pages: 4
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 2

ISSN: 0014-3022 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9913 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/ENE


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Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

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