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Vol. 70, No. 3, 2004
Issue release date: 2004
Digestion 2004;70:152–158
(DOI:10.1159/000081515)

Combined Pulse Oximetry/Cutaneous Carbon Dioxide Tension Monitoring during Colonoscopies: Pilot Study with a Smart Ear Clip

Heuss L.T. · Chhajed P.N. · Schnieper P. · Hirt T. · Beglinger C.
Department of Gastroenterology and Division of Respiratory Medicine, University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland

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Abstract

Background: We compared the accuracy and practicability of a new combined ear sensor device measuring pulse oximetry and transcutaneous carbon dioxide tension. Methods: Validation studies were done by comparing the results of the combined sensor with arterial blood gas measurements. In an observational part, monitoring data were obtained from 25 patients undergoing colonoscopy, sedated with midazolam and alfentanil and from 8 patients without sedation. Results: There was an excellent correlation between the oxygen saturation and carbon dioxide tension measurements comparing the combined sensor with arterial blood gas analysis (R 0.96 and 0.93, respectively). A mean rise in transcutaneous carbon dioxide tension of 7.6 mm Hg was detectable during sedation with midazolam/alfentanil and of 2.3 mm Hg without sedation. Conclusion: Combined POX/PcCO2 monitoring at the ear lobe is a novel approach to improve patient safety during sedation and may be helpful in preventing an unintentional slide into a state of deep sedation with impairment of ventilation.



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Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
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    External Resources

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