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Clinicopathological Features of Extranodal Lymphomas: Kuwait Experience

Temmim L.a · Baker H.a, b · Amanguno H.a · Madda J.P.c · Sinowatz F.d
aHussain Makki Al Jummaa Cancer Center, Safat, Kuwait; bKing Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; cAl-Amiri Hospital, Safat, Kuwait; dDepartment of Histology and Embryology, University of Munich, Munich, Germany Oncology 2004;67:382–389 (DOI:10.1159/000082922)

Abstract

A total of 935 patients with extranodal non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) diagnosed in the period between January 1985 and December 2000 in Kuwait Cancer Center, serving the whole population of Kuwait, were used to describe the clinicopathological and epidemiological features of extranodal lymphomas in Kuwait. Extranodal lymphomas accounted for 45% of all NHL observed during this time. All NHL cases from Kuwait Cancer registry were analyzed and pathologically reclassified using the latest WHO (2000) classification. The most common lymphoma observed was diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (58.60%) followed by Burkitt´s lymphoma (BL) (3.80%). In the pediatric group, BL comprises more than two thirds of all patients (77.20%). The most common extranodal sites were stomach (19.70%) and skin (17.80%) in the adult group, large intestine (29.80%) and small intestine (19.30%) in the pediatric age group. The majority (73.40%) of adult extranodal lymphomas was in stage IE–IIE and had a very good prognosis. On the contrary, the majority of pediatric extranodal lymphomas were found to be in stage III and IV. Variations in treatment policies (single agent or combined chemotherapy, radiotherapy, combined modality treatment) adopted and changed during the time period of 16 years of this retrospective study were documented.

 

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