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Vol. 19, No. 2-3, 2005
Issue release date: February 2005
Section title: Original Research Article
Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord 2005;19:164–170
(DOI:10.1159/000083178)

Tau Protein, Aβ42 and S-100B Protein in Cerebrospinal Fluid of Patients with Dementia with Lewy Bodies

Mollenhauer B. · Cepek L. · Bibl M. · Wiltfang J. · Schulz-Schaeffer W.J. · Ciesielczyk B. · Neumann M. · Steinacker P. · Kretzschmar H.A. · Poser S. · Trenkwalder C. · Otto M.
Departments of aNeurology, bPsychiatry and cNeuropathology, Georg August University Göttingen, Göttingen, dDepartment of Psychiatry, Friedrich Alexander University Erlangen/Nuremberg, Erlangen, eDepartment of Neuropathology, Ludwig Maximilians University Munich, Munich, and fGeorg August University Göttingen, Paracelsus-Elena-Klinik, Kassel, Germany

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Research Article

Received: 6/18/2004
Published online: 2/11/2005

Number of Print Pages: 7
Number of Figures: 2
Number of Tables: 2

ISSN: 1420-8008 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9824 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/DEM

Abstract

The intra vitam diagnosis of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is still based on clinical grounds. So far no technical investigations have been available to support this diagnosis. As for tau protein and β-amyloid(1–42) (Aβ42), promising results for the diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) have been reported; we evaluated these markers and S-100B protein in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), using a set of commercially available assays, of 71 patients with DLB, 67 patients with AD and 41 nondemented controls (NDC) for their differential diagnostic relevance. Patients with DLB showed significantly lower tau protein values compared to AD but with a high overlap of values. More prominent differences were observed in the comparison of DLB patients with all three clinical core features and AD patients. Aβ42 levels were decreased in the DLB and AD groups versus NDC, without significant subgroup differences. S-100B levels were not significantly different between the groups. Tau protein levels in CSF may contribute to the clinical distinction between DLB and AD, but the value of the markers is still limited especially due to mixed pathology. We conclude that more specific markers have to be established for the differentiation of these diseases.


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Research Article

Received: 6/18/2004
Published online: 2/11/2005

Number of Print Pages: 7
Number of Figures: 2
Number of Tables: 2

ISSN: 1420-8008 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9824 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/DEM


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Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
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