Journal Mobile Options
Table of Contents
Vol. 77, No. 1-2, 2006
Issue release date: January 2006

A Note on the Activity Cycle of Captive White-Fronted Lemurs (Eulemur fulvus albifrons)

Traber S.Y. · Müller A.E.
To view the fulltext, log in and/or choose pay-per-view option

Individual Users: Register with Karger Login Information

Please create your User ID & Password





Contact Information











I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree.

To view the fulltext, please log in

To view the pdf, please log in

Abstract

We studied the activity cycle of captive-born white-fronted lemurs (Eulemur fulvus albifrons) at Zurich Zoo with the aim to discuss current hypotheses on the evolution of cathemerality in lemurs. In contrast to their relatives in the wild, these lemurs were active exclusively during the day. If cathemerality is a strategy to increase food intake or to avoid predators, then nocturnal activity is not essential for captive animals and may be suppressed simply due to the absence of stimuli. This suggests that cathemerality includes a distinct element of flexibility regarding the distribution of diurnal and nocturnal activity, with the option to omit nightly activities.



Copyright / Drug Dosage

Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

References

  1. Andrews JR, Birkinshaw CR (1998). A comparison between the daytime and night-time diet, activity and feeding height of the black lemur, Eulemur macaco (Primates: Lemuridae), in Lokobe forest, Madagascar. Folia Primatologica 69: 175–182.

    External Resources

  2. Colquhoun IC (1998). Cathemeral behavior of Eulemur macaco macaco at Ambato Massif, Madagascar. Folia Primatologica 69: 22–34.
  3. Conley JM (1975). Notes on the activity pattern of Lemur fulvus. Journal of Mammalogy 56: 712–715.

    External Resources

  4. Csermely D (1996). Antipredator behavior in lemurs: evidence of an extinct eagle on Madagascar or something else? International Journal of Primatology 17: 349–354.
  5. Curtis DJ, Rasmussen MA (2002). Cathemerality in lemurs. Evolutionary Anthropology 11: 83–86.

    External Resources

  6. Curtis DJ, Zaramody A, Martin RD (1999). Cathemerality in the mongoose lemur, Eulemur mongoz. American Journal of Primatology 47: 279–298.
  7. Donati G, Borgognini-Tarli SM (2002). The role of abiotic factors in influencing cathemeral activity of collared brown lemurs, Eulemur fulvus collaris, in the Sainte Luce littoral forest. Folia Primatologica 73: 305–306.
  8. Donati G, Borgognini-Tarli SM (2006). Influence of abiotic factors on cathemeral activity: the case of Eulemur fulvus collaris in the littoral forest of Madagascar. Folia Primatologica 77: 104–122.
  9. Donati G, Lunardini A, Kappeler PM (1999). Cathemeral activity of red-fronted brown lemurs (Eulemur fulvus rufus) in the Kirindy Forest/CFPF. In New Directions in Lemur Studies (Rakotosamimanana B, Rasamimanana H, Ganzhorn JU, Goodman SM, eds.), pp 119–137. New York, Plenum Press.
  10. Donati G, Lunardini A, Kappeler PM, Borgognini-Tarli SM (2001). Nocturnal activity in the cathemeral red-fronted lemur (Eulemur fulvus rufus), with observations during a lunar eclipse. American Journal of Primatology 53: 69–78.
  11. Engqvist A, Richard A (1991). Diet as a possible determinant of cathemeral activity patterns in primates. Folia Primatologica 57: 169–172.
  12. Erkert HG (1989). Lighting requirements of nocturnal primates in captivity: a chronobiological approach. Zoo Biology 8: 179–191.

    External Resources

  13. Kappeler PM, Erkert HG (2003). On the move around the clock: correlates and determinants of cathemeral activity in wild redfronted lemurs (Eulemur fulvus rufus). Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology 54: 359–369.
  14. Martin RD (1972). Adaptive radiation and behaviour of the Malagasy lemurs. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 264: 295–352.

    External Resources

  15. Overdorff DJ (1988). Preliminary report on the activity cycle and diet of the red-bellied lemurs (Eulemur rubriventer) in Madagascar. American Journal of Primatology 16: 143–153.
  16. Rasmussen MA (1999). Ecological Influences on Activity Cycle in Two Cathemeral Primates, the Mongoose Lemur (Eulemur mongoz) and the Common Brown Lemur (Eulemur fulvus fulvus). PhD dissertation, Durham, Duke University.
  17. Santini-Palka ME (1994). Feeding behavior and activity patterns of two Malagasy bamboo lemurs, Hapalemur simus and Hapalemur griseus, in captivity. Folia Primatologica 63: 44–49.

    External Resources

  18. Tattersall I (1982). The Primates of Madagascar. New York, Columbia University Press.
  19. Tattersall I (1987). Cathemeral activity in primates: a definition. Folia Primatologica 49: 200–202.
  20. van Schaik CP, Kappeler PM (1996). The social systems of gregarious lemurs: lack of convergence with anthropoids due to evolutionary disequilibrium? Ethology 102: 915–941.
  21. Wright PC (1999). Lemur traits and Madagascar ecology: coping with an island environment. Yearbook of Physical Anthropology 42: 31–72.

    External Resources



Pay-per-View Options
Direct payment This item at the regular price: USD 33.00
Payment from account With a Karger Pay-per-View account (down payment USD 150) you profit from a special rate for this and other single items.
This item at the discounted price: USD 23.00