Journal Mobile Options
Table of Contents
Vol. 90, No. 2, 2006
Issue release date: August 2006
Section title: Original Paper
Biol Neonate 2006;90:135–144
(DOI:10.1159/000092518)

BAY 41-2272, a Direct Activator of Soluble Guanylate Cyclase, Reduces Right Ventricular Hypertrophy and Prevents Pulmonary Vascular Remodeling during Chronic Hypoxia in Neonatal Rats

Deruelle P. · Balasubramaniam V. · Kunig A.M. · Seedorf G.J. · Markham N.E. · Abman S.H.
aDepartment of Pediatrics, Pediatric Heart Lung Center, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver, Colo., USA; bFaculté de Médecine, Université de Lille II, Lille, France

Do you have an account?

Register and profit from personalized services (MyKarger) Login Information

Please create your User ID & Password





Contact Information









I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree.

Register and profit from personalized services (MyKarger) Login Information

Please create your User ID & Password





Contact Information









I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree.

To view the fulltext, please log in

To view the pdf, please log in

Buy

  • FullText & PDF
  • Unlimited re-access via MyKarger (new!)
  • Unrestricted printing, no saving restrictions for personal use
  • Reduced rates with a PPV account
read more

Direct: USD 38.00
Account: USD 26.50

Select

Rent/Cloud

  • Rent for 48h to view
  • Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
  • Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
  • Printing and saving restriction apply

Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00

Select

Subscribe

  • Automatic perpetual access to all articles of the subscribed year(s)
  • Unlimited re-access via Subscriber Login or MyKarger
  • Unrestricted printing, no saving restrictions for personal use
read more

Subcription rates


Select


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: 10/3/2005
Accepted: 12/19/2005
Published online: 8/10/2006

Number of Print Pages: 10
Number of Figures: 8
Number of Tables: 1

ISSN: 1661-7800 (Print)
eISSN: 1661-7819 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/NEO

Abstract

Exposure to hypoxia during the first weeks of life in newborn rats decreases vascular growth and alveolarization and causes pulmonary hypertension (PH). BAY 41-2272 is a novel direct activator of soluble guanylate cyclase independent of nitric oxide, effective as an acute pulmonary vasodilator in an animal model of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn, but whether prolonged BAY 41-2272 therapy is effective in the setting of chronic PH is unknown. We hypothesize that BAY 41-2272 would prevent PH induced by chronic exposure to neonatal hypoxia. At 2 days of age, newborn rats were randomly exposed to hypoxia (FiO2, 0.12) or room air, and received daily intramuscular treatment with BAY 41-2272 (1 mg/kg) or saline. After 2 weeks, rats were killed for assessment of right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH), wall thickness of small pulmonary arteries, vessels density, radial alveolar counts and mean linear intercepts. In comparison with control, hypoxia increased RVH and artery wall thickness, reduced vessels density, decreased radial alveolar counts and increased mean linear intercepts. In comparison with hypoxic controls, prolonged BAY 41-2272 treatment during chronic hypoxia reduced RVH (0.67 ± 0.03 vs. 0.52 ± 0.05; p < 0.05), and attenuated artery wall thickness (48.2 ± 2.8% vs. 35.7 ± 4.1 µm; p < 0.01). However, BAY 41-2272 did not change vessels density, radial alveolar counts or mean linear intercepts. We conclude that BAY 41-2272 prevents the vascular structural effects of PH and reduces RVH but does not protect from hypoxia-induced inhibition of alveolarization and vessel growth. We speculate that BAY 41-2272 may provide a new therapy for chronic PH.


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: 10/3/2005
Accepted: 12/19/2005
Published online: 8/10/2006

Number of Print Pages: 10
Number of Figures: 8
Number of Tables: 1

ISSN: 1661-7800 (Print)
eISSN: 1661-7819 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/NEO


Copyright / Drug Dosage

Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.