The ‘no free lunch theorem’ claims that for the set of all problems no algorithm performs better than random search and, thus, selection can be advantageous only on a limited set of problems. In this paper we investigate how the topological structure of the environment influences algorithmic efficiency. We study the performance of algorithms, using selective learning, reinforcement learning, and their combinations, in random, scale-free, and scale-free small world (SFSW) environments. The learning problem is to search for novel, not-yet-found information. We ran our experiments on a large news site and on its downloaded portion. Controlled experiments were performed on this downloaded portion: we modified the topology, but preserved the publication time of the news. Our empirical results show that the selective learning is the most efficient in SFSW topology. In non-small world topologies, however, the combination of the selective and reinforcement learning algorithms performs the best.
© 2006 S. Karger AG, Basel
- Scale-free small world
- No free lunch theorem
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Department of Information Systems, Eötvös Loránd University
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Published online: August 25, 2006
Number of Print Pages : 11
Number of Figures : 3, Number of Tables : 2, Number of References : 32
Complexus (Modelling in Systems Biology, Social, Cognitive and Information Sciences)
Vol. 3, No. 1-3, Year 2006 (Cover Date: August 2006)
Journal Editor: Atlan, H. (Paris/Jerusalem)
ISSN: 1424–8492 (print), 1424–8506 (Online)
For additional information: http://www.karger.com/CPU
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