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Vol. 143, No. 3, 2007
Issue release date: June 2007
Section title: Case Report
Int Arch Allergy Immunol 2007;143:190–193
(DOI:10.1159/000099311)

A Novel Missense Mutation in CIAS1 Encoding the Pyrin-Like Protein, Cryopyrin, Causes Familial Cold Autoinflammatory Syndrome in a Family of Ethiopian Origin

Shalev S.A. · Sprecher E. · Indelman M. · Hujirat Y. · Bergman R. · Rottem M.
aThe Genetic Institute and bDivision of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, Ha’Emek Medical Center, Afula, cLaboratory of Molecular Dermatology, Department of Dermatology, Rambam Medical Center, and dRappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Case Report

Received: 6/17/2006
Accepted: 11/20/2006
Published online: 2/6/2007

Number of Print Pages: 4
Number of Figures: 1
Number of Tables: 1

ISSN: 1018-2438 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0097 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/IAA

Abstract

Background: Cold-induced urticaria is a form of physical urticaria which is characterized by rapid onset of pruritus, erythema, and swelling after exposure to a cold stimulus. Familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome (FCAS) is a rare autosomal-dominant condition characterized by unremitting attacks of cold-induced urticaria, often accompanied by other systemic manifestations. The disorder was previously shown to be caused by mutations in CIAS1, encoding a pyrin-like protein also involved in the pathogenesis of Muckle-Wells syndrome (MWS), and chronic infantile neurological cutaneous and articular syndrome (CINCA). Methods: In the present study, using direct sequencing, we assessed a two-generation family of Jewish Ethiopian origin, including 3 members affected with FCAS. Results: We identified a novel CIAS1 mutation, F525C. The mutation was shown to affect a highly conserved residue of the protein and to segregate with the disease throughout the extended family. Conclusions: Our results add to the expanding spectrum of mutations in CIAS1 and provide evidence for striking phenotypic heterogeneity in inherited autoinflammatory syndromes. This is the first report of inherited cold urticaria in a family of Ethiopian origin.


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Case Report

Received: 6/17/2006
Accepted: 11/20/2006
Published online: 2/6/2007

Number of Print Pages: 4
Number of Figures: 1
Number of Tables: 1

ISSN: 1018-2438 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0097 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/IAA


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