Table of Contents
To view the fulltext, log-in or choose pay-per-view options:
Get Access

Xanthogranuloma of Bone: A Challenging Imitator of Malignancy

Holmes B.J.a · Castelino-Prabhu S.a · Rosenthal D.L.a · Ali S.Z.a, b
Departments of aPathology and bRadiology, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Md., USA Acta Cytologica 2013;57:198–202 (DOI:10.1159/000345900)


Xanthogranulomatous disease of bone is exceptionally uncommon. Clinically, radiologically and pathologically, it is a great imitator of malignancy. While there are few reports on the surgical pathology of this rare entity, there is no published report on its cytopathologic characteristics. We report herein the case of a 44-year-old male who was evaluated at The Johns Hopkins Hospital for a 2.3-cm painful soft tissue mass present within the medullary canal of the distal tibia with destruction of the overlying cortex. A computed tomography-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy revealed abundant histiocytes and occasional giant cells in an inflammatory background. This was interpreted as a ‘histiocyte-rich lesion,’ and an excisional biopsy was recommended. Subsequent curettage was performed, and the histological material was diagnosed as ‘xanthogranuloma of bone.’ The rarity of xanthogranuloma of bone and its resemblance to the more common reactive and malignant bone neoplasms may present diagnostic challenges.


Individual Users: Register with Karger Login Information

Please create your User ID & Password

Contact Information

I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree.

Pay-per-View Options
Direct payment This item at the regular price: USD 38.00
Payment from account With a Karger Pay-per-View account (down payment USD 150) you profit from a special rate for this and other single items.
This item at the discounted price: USD 26.50