Journal Mobile Options
Table of Contents
Vol. 25, No. 6, 2002
Issue release date: December 2002
Section title: Focus: Experimental Oncology · Review Article
Onkologie 2002;25:511–518
(DOI:10.1159/000068621)

The Ras-Raf-MEK-ERK Pathway in the Treatment of Cancer

Hilger R.A. · Scheulen M.E. · Strumberg D.
Department of Internal Medicine and Medical Oncology, West German Cancer Center, University Medical School of Essen

Do you have an account?

Register and profit from personalized services (MyKarger) Login Information

Please create your User ID & Password





Contact Information









I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree.

Abstract

The mitogen activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are conserved proteins that regulate cell growth, division and death. Although activated in the cytosol, the MAPKs translocate to the nucleus upon activation and phosphorylate a large number of nuclear proteins. Investigating how Ras transmits extracellular growth signals, the MAPK pathway has emerged as the crucial route between membrane-bound Ras and the nucleus. The MAPK pathway represents a cascade of phosphorylation events including three pivotal kinases, namely Raf, MEK (MAP kinase kinase), and ERK (MAP kinase). These kinases present new opportunities for the development of novel anti-cancer drugs designed to be target-specific and probably less toxic than conventional chemotherapeutic agents. A number of drugs inhibiting Ras, Raf or MEK are currently under clinical investigation. This review addresses the rationale for targeting the MAP kinase pathway and the current status of various pharmacological approaches.


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Focus: Experimental Oncology · Review Article

Published online: 1/13/2003

Number of Print Pages: 8
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 2296-5270 (Print)
eISSN: 2296-5262 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/ORT


Copyright / Drug Dosage

Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.