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Guidelines for Authors

Before submission, please read the Guidelines for Authors for specific requirements for manuscript preparation.

Presentation of manuscripts should follow the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals from the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors.


'Gerontology' publishes manuscripts on all aspects of experimental, clinical, behavioural, regenerative and technological science research into the aging process. It accepts particularly high-quality, original papers in all disciplines of gerontological research.
The Experimental Section contains contributions from basic gerontological research. Papers submitted for the Clinical Section discuss aetiology, pathogenesis, prevention and treatment of diseases in old age from a gerontological rather than a geriatric viewpoint. Papers dealing with behavioural development and related topics are published in the Behavioural Science Section. An extra section covers research exploring basic aspects of regeneration in biological systems and regenerative medical approaches and deals with technological devices for the elderly.
The Editor-in-Chief reserves the right to arrange the submitted manuscripts into one of the four sections.


Manuscripts written in English are considered and should be submitted online: Online Manuscript Submission

Submission of an article implies author agreement with the below Conditions. To be considered for publication, all manuscripts must be accompanied by a cover letter signed by all authors stating that the work has not been published, nor is under consideration elsewhere, and that all authors approve the submission.

A Copyright Transfer Form (PDF) with the corresponding author's original (hand-written) signature must be received by the editorial office. Please print and sign the form, and upload it during submission (or fax or scan and e-mail) to make it legally binding.


In case of problems with submission, please contact:

Georg Wick, MD
Editorial Office 'Gerontology'
Laboratory of Autoimmunity
Innsbruck Medical University
Peter-Mayr-Strasse 4a
A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria)
t: +43 512 9003 70960
f: +43 512 9003 73271


All manuscripts are subject to editorial and peer-review. Manuscripts are received with the explicit understanding that the work has not been published (wholly nor in part), and is not under simultaneous consideration in any language elsewhere. Furthermore, all authors have made substantial contributions and confirm that they have seen and approve the manuscript submission. Submission of an article for publication implies the transfer of the copyright from the author to Karger Publishers upon acceptance. Accepted papers become the permanent property of 'Gerontology' and may not be reproduced by any means, in whole or in part, without the written consent of the publisher. It is the author's responsibility to obtain permission to reproduce illustrations, tables, etc. from other publications.

Conflict of Interest

Authors are required to disclose any sponsorship or funding arrangements related to the research presented in the manuscript and any possible conflicts of interest. A possible conflict of interest does not preclude consideration of a manuscript for publication, however, the statement must be listed at the end of the article. All forms of support and financial involvement should be listed in the Acknowledgements section of the paper. The cover letter should certify that all forms of conflict of interest by all authors were clearly identified in the text.


Research must comply with the guidelines for human studies and animal welfare regulations. Manuscripts reporting studies on human subjects should include evidence that the research was ethically conducted in accordance with the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki. In particular, authors must state in the Materials and Methods section that subjects (or their parents or guardians) have given their informed written consent and that the study protocol was approved by an appropriate ethics committee. All patients should be identified by numbers or aliases, not by their real names. Authors should also state that animal experimentation was approved by the appropriate institutional review body. Appropriate proof has to be provided that all ethical prerequisites have been fulfilled.

Plagiarism Policy

Whether intentional or not, plagiarism is a serious violation. Karger Publishers defines plagiarism as reproduction of another work with at least 25% similarity and without citation.
If evidence of plagiarism is found before/after acceptance or after publication of the paper, the author will be offered a chance for rebuttal. If the arguments are not found to be satisfactory, the manuscript will be retracted and the author sanctioned from publishing papers for a period to be determined by the responsible Editor(s).


Authors should indicate in the cover letter which of the following section types the paper falls into:
Experimental Section (contributions from basic gerontological research), Clinical Section (aetiology, pathogenesis, prevention and treatment of diseases in old age from a gerontological rather than a geriatric viewpoint), Behavioural Science Section (behavioural development and related topics), Regenerative and Technological Section (research exploring basic aspects of regeneration in biological systems and regenerative medical approaches and technological devices for the elderly).

Furthermore, authors should indicate which manuscript type is being submitted for publication:

Mini-Reviews: State-of-the-art papers covering a timely topic by experts in the field. Mini-Reviews and occasionally Extensive Reviews are to be submitted exclusively upon solicitation by the Section Editors or by the Editors of special issues, via the Editor-in-Chief. All reviews are subject to peer-review. They are not subject to page charges. (Maximum 4,000 words, approx. 40 references, plus tables/figures, references)

Original Papers: Fully documented reports of original research that must describe full sets of interesting, original experiments in current gerontological research. An Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, and Discussion sections are required. Consideration for publication is based on originality, novelty, scientific soundness, and appropriate analysis. Any papers dealing, partly or wholly, with basic science should include a few lines of description to any concept which may not be well known to some readers who are primarily practising clinicians. (Maximum 6,000 words, 40 references, plus tables/figures)

Debates and Viewpoints: Arguments, critical statements and theoretical papers reflecting the authors' personal views on mechanisms of the aging process in all areas within the scope of 'Gerontology'. Manuscripts are to be submitted exclusively upon solicitation by the Section Editors, via the Editor-in-Chief (Maximum 4,000 words, 40 references)

Short Communications: These can be submitted for accelerated publication. Short Communications must contain data derived from front-edge research and be of potential interest to a large fraction of the readership to justify their accelerated acceptance. Such communications should represent complete, original studies and should be arranged in the same way as full length manuscripts. (Maximum 2,000 words, 10 references, plus 2 figures or tables)

Images in Gerontology: This section aims to publish images of high interest that illustrate or aid understanding of an important concept. They should contain an exciting and high quality photograph with a short, self-explanatory legend. (Maximum 1 figure, 250 words)

Letters to the Editor: These are encouraged if they directly concern articles recently published in this journal. If accepted, the Editor reserves the right to submit such letters to the authors of the articles concerned prior to publication in order to permit them to respond in the same issue of the journal. In exceptional cases, Letters to the Editor may also address data published in another journal or clinical subjects related to matters discussed in the journal. Letters on general scientific or medical subjects in gerontology are also welcome. No abstract is required. (Maximum 1,000 words, 10 references)


The preferred word processing program is MS-Word. The cover letter, the manuscript, the tables and figures must be submitted in separate files. The manuscript file must contain all the text elements in the following order: title page, abstract and key words, main text, acknowledgments, references, table and figure legends. Tables and figures should be submitted as separate files according to the instructions below. Automatic line numbering should be used, continuous from the title page through to the final page. All pages should be numbered, starting from the title page, including figure legends, tables and figures.

Title page: The first page should contain a concise title of the article along with a short title for use as a running head (no more than 80 characters), the full names of the authors and their affiliations (hospital, institute etc. where the work was conducted). The full postal address, telephone and fax numbers, as well as the e-mail address of the author to whom correspondence should be sent must be given at the bottom of the title page.

Key words: 3–10 key words that reflect the content of the paper must be included.

Abstract: Each original paper needs an abstract of up to 350 words, structured with subheadings as follows:

  • Background: What prompted the study?
  • Objective: What is the purpose of the study?
  • Methods: How was the study carried out?
  • Results: What are the most important findings?
  • Conclusion: What is the most important conclusion?

  • Any abbreviations must be explained. Structured abstracts are not needed for reviews or viewpoints.

Footnotes: Footnotes should be avoided. When essential, they should be numbered consecutively and appear at the foot of the appropriate page.

Acknowledgements: Include all sources of funding for the research presented in the manuscript, and substantive contributions of individuals regarding the research or manuscript. All possible conflicts of interest should also be given here.

Abbreviations: Abbreviations (with the exception of those clearly well-established in the field) should be explained when they are first used, e.g. electrocardiogram (ECG).

Units of measurement: Measurements should be expressed in SI units wherever possible.

Drug names: Use generic names of drugs (first letter: lowercase) whenever possible. Registered trade names (first letter: uppercase) should be marked with the superscript registration symbol ® or ™ when they are first mentioned.

Tables and illustrations: Tables and figures must be numbered (e.g. Figure 1, Figure 2) and submitted as separate files. Tables require a heading and figures a legend, which must provide sufficient information for either to stand alone. Each figure and table must be cited in the text numerically. Tables should be in Word format. When possible, group several illustrations in a block for reproduction (max. size 180 x 223 mm). B/w half-tone and color figures must have a final resolution of 300 dpi after scaling to final size, line drawings 1200 dpi. Color figures must be in RGB format. All figures should be in a common format such as PSD, TIF, PNG EPS or WMF. Vector graphics should be in PPT, AI or EPS format. See the Technical Instructions for more information.

Color Illustrations

Online edition: Color figures are reproduced free of charge. In the print version, the figures are reproduced in black and white. Referring to colors in the text and figure legends should be avoided.

Print edition: Up to 6 color figures per page can be integrated within the text at CHF 800.– per page.


Identify references in the text using Arabic numerals [in square brackets]. Do not alphabetize; number references sequentially in the order cited in the text. Material submitted for publication but not yet accepted should be referred to as ‘unpublished data’ and should not be included in the reference list. The reference list should include only those publications which are cited in the text. Each Author's surname should be followed by their initials with no punctuation other than a comma to separate individual authors. Preferably cite all authors (if not possible include at least 3 authors followed by et al). Abbreviate journal names according to the list of journals indexed for MEDLINE on the NLM website. Also see International Committee of Medical Journal Editors: Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals.


(a) Papers published in periodicals: Nopp A, Cardell LO, Johansson SGO: CD-Sens can be a reliable and easy-to-use complement in the diagnosis of allergic rhinitis. Int Arch Allergy Immunol 2013;161:87–90.

(b) Papers published only with DOI numbers: Rubin DA, Cano-Sokoloff N, Castner DL, Judelson DA, Wright P, Duran A, Haqq AM: Update on body composition and bone density in children with Prader-Willi syndrome. Horm Res Paediatr DOI: 10.1159/000350824.

(c) Monographs: Matthews DE, Farewell VT: Using and Understanding Medical Statistics, ed 4, revised. Basel, Karger, 2007.

(d) Edited books: Costa-Pinto FA, Basso AS: Neural and behavioral correlates of food allergy; in Bienenstock J (ed): Allergy and the Nervous System. Chem Immunol Allergy. Basel, Karger, 2012, vol 98, pp 222–239.

(e) Websites: Karger Publishers: Transforming Vesalius: The 16th-Century Scientific Revolution Brought to Life for the 21st Century. Basel, Karger, 2013.

(f) Websites with access date: World Health Organization: Leprosy elimination project: status report. 2003. (accessed May 15, 2005).

Reference Management Software: The use of EndNote is recommended to facilitate formatting of citations and reference lists. The journal output style can be downloaded from

Multimedia Files and Supplementary Material

Multimedia files enhance the online version of a publication. Multimedia files and other supplementary files (directly relevant but not essential to the conclusions of the paper) will undergo editorial review and should be submitted in a separate file with the original manuscript and with all subsequent submissions. The Editors reserve the right to limit the scope and length of the supplementary material. Multimedia and supplementary material must meet production quality standards for publication without the need for any modification or editing. Files should not exceed 10 Mb in size. Figures and tables must have titles and legends and all files must be supplied separately and named clearly. Acceptable files and formats are Word or PDF files, Excel spreadsheets (if the data cannot be converted properly to a PDF file), and multimedia files (MPEG, AVI or QuickTime formats). All supplementary material should be referred to in the main text.

English Language Editing

For authors whose native language is not English, use of a professional language editing service prior to submission can help to avoid delays with the review process.

Page Charges

There are no page charges for papers of 4 or less printed pages (including tables, illustrations and references). Authors are charged CHF 325.– for each additional complete or partial printed page. 1 printed page is equal to approximately 3 manuscript pages.

Author's Choice

Karger Publisher's Author's Choice service broadens the reach of an article by making it freely available (Open Access) for all users worldwide to read, download, print and share on Furthermore, selecting Author's Choice™ also enables any research to comply with funding requirements. The option is available for a one-time fee of CHF 3,000.–, which is a permissible cost in grant allocation.

NIH-Funded Research

The U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) Public Access Policy mandates that final, peer-reviewed manuscripts appear in its digital database PubMed Central (PMC) within 12 months of the official publication date. As a service to authors, Karger Publishers submits NIH-funded articles to PMC on the authors' behalf immediately upon publication. The NIH assigns a PMCID and the full text will appear in PMC after 12 months. For authors selecting the Author's Choice service, the embargo will be overridden, accelerating the accessibility of their work.


Karger Publishers permits authors to archive their pre-prints (i.e. pre-refereeing) or post-prints (i.e. final draft post-refereeing) on their personal homepage or institution's repository, provided that articles are not used for commercial purposes, are linked to the publisher's version, and acknowledge the publisher's copyright. Authors selecting Karger Publisher's Author's Choice option may also archive the final, published version of their article, which includes copyediting and design improvements as well as citation links.

Copy Editing

Manuscripts accepted for publication by Karger Publishers are subject to copy editing. Changes introduced by the copy editor and/or questions will be marked in the manuscript and should be checked against the proofs (the edited manuscript will be returned with the proofs).


An e-mail containing a link to download the proofs will be sent to the corresponding author. Proofs should be returned within 48 hours. Alterations made in proofs, other than the correction of printer's (introduced) errors, are charged to the author and may require editorial approval.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

A DOI number will be available as a unique identifier on the title page of each article. DOIs are useful for identifying and citing articles published online without volume or issue information (for more information, see

E-pub First

All articles are published electronically ahead of print with a DOI number and are supplemented later with the definite reference of the printed version. The articles become available immediately after the authors' approval to publish, with the advantage of being citable much earlier than in print. Authors can influence the time of appearance by promptly returning the proofs.


Order forms and a price list are sent with the proof information. Orders submitted after the issue is printed are subject to considerably higher prices.