Neuregulin-1 Attenuates Neointimal Formation following Vascular Injury and Inhibits the Proliferation of Vascular Smooth Muscle CellsClement C.M.a · Thomas L.K.b · Mou Y.b · Croslan D.R.a · Gibbons G.H.b · Ford B.D.a
aDepartment of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Neuroscience Institute, and bDepartment of Medicine, Cardiovascular Research Institute, Morehouse School of Medicine, Atlanta, Ga., USA
Do you have an account?
- Rent for 48h to view
- Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
- Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
- Printing and saving restrictions apply
Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00
Article / Publication Details
Neuregulin-1 (NRG-1) is expressed in vascular endothelial cells, and its receptors are localized to the underlying smooth muscle cells. However, the role of NRG-1 in vascular function and injury is largely unknown. First, the expression of NRG-1 and its receptors (erbB receptors) was analyzed after balloon injury to the rat carotid artery. NRG-1 and erbB expression levels were low in uninjured vessels; however, NRG-1 and erbB4 were upregulated following injury. We then examined the effect of NRG-1 on neointimal formation following balloon injury. NRG-1 was administered by tail-vein injection prior to injury and every 2 days following injury. Two weeks after injury, NRG-1-treated animals demonstrated a 50% reduction in lesion size compared with controls receiving the vehicle. To examine possible mechanisms for NRG-1 action, we examined its effects on vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) function. Rat VSMC cultures were pretreated with NRG-1 for 24 h and then stimulated with platelet-derived growth factor. NRG-1 significantly decreased platelet-derived growth factor-stimulated VSMC proliferation and migration. These findings suggest that NRG-1 may be a novel therapeutic candidate for the treatment of restenosis and atherosclerosis.
© 2007 S. Karger AG, Basel
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.