Laser Capture Microdissection-Microarray Analysis of Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis GlomeruliBennett M.R.a · Czech K.A.a · Arend L.J.d · Witte D.P.b · Devarajan P.a · Potter S.S.c
Divisions of aNephrology and Hypertension, bPathology and cDevelopmental Biology, Children’s Hospital Medical Center, and dDepartment of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Cincinnati Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
Do you have an account?
- Rent for 48h to view
- Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
- Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
- Printing and saving restrictions apply
Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00
Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is a major cause of end-stage renal disease. In this report we used laser capture microdissection to purify diseased glomeruli, and microarrays to provide universal gene expression profiles. The results provide a deeper understanding of the molecular mechanisms of the disease process and suggest novel therapeutic strategies. Consistent with earlier studies, molecular markers of the differentiated podocyte, including WT1, nephrin, and VEGF, were dramatically downregulated in the diseased glomerulus. We also observed multiple changes consistent with increased TGF-β signaling, including elevated expression of TGF-β2, TGF-β3, SMAD2, TGF-β1 receptor, and thrombospondin. In addition, there was relatively low level expression of Csf1r, a marker of macrophages, but elevated expression of the chemokines CXCL1, CXCL2, CCL3, and CXCL14. We also observed strongly upregulated expression of Sox9, a transcription factor that can drive a genetic program of chondrogenesis and fibrosis. Further, the gene with the greatest fold increase in expression in the diseased glomerulus was osteopontin, which has been previously strongly implicated in kidney fibrosis in the unilateral ureteral obstruction mouse model. These results confirm old findings, and indicate the involvement of new genetic pathways in the cause and progression of FSGS.
© 2007 S. Karger AG, Basel
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.